Presentation on theme: "Warm up 12/8/14 Social institutions exist to meet basic human needs in society. – Give 1 example (and elaborate) of a need that is met by the institution."— Presentation transcript:
Warm up 12/8/14 Social institutions exist to meet basic human needs in society. – Give 1 example (and elaborate) of a need that is met by the institution of EDUCATION. SAT word of the day: RAZE
Examples Socialization Teaching of cultural norms and values Transmission of knowledge needed for adulthood Teaching skills to the youth in order to gain employment and support themselves
Agenda Warm up The sociology of education Talk about alternative assessment for chapter 14 Activity Exit ticket
Remember this? Functionalist. Conflict. Interactionist. Well, they’re back
Vocabulary Education- consist of the roles and norms that ensure the transmission of knowledge, values, and patterns of behavior from one generation to the next.
Vocabulary Schooling- Instruction by specially trained teachers who follow officially recognized policies.
Functionalist Perspective Functionalist—schools help maintain the stability and smooth operation of society.
Teaching knowledge and skills – Education gives you the basics to make it in the adult world. – Core curriculum: Reading, Math, Science, and Social studies. However, for society to develop we need to acquire new technology and discoveries.
Transmission of culture – After family, schools are the second means of reinforcing norms, values and beliefs. We pass down core values in order for our society to survive. – Examples: patriotism, loyalty, acceptable forms of behavior.
World View USA Capitalism Individualism democracy Japan Conformity Cooperation Group loyalty Respect for elders
Social integration – The US is a nation of immigrants. – As such, we strive to create a national identity through teaching and reinforcing common values.
Occupational placement – Beginning in elementary school you are tested and identified for special talents or intelligence. – These test continue for as long as you are in school. – Based on your scores you will either be steered towards college or non-college programs.
Group work Students will be broken into 4 topics: Teaching knowledge and skills, transmission of culture, social integration and occupational placement. Groups will need to compare/contrast their topic between the US and another 1 st world country. Group will need to present power point and email to myself as proof of mastery.
12/9/14 WARM UP What are some of the current issues in education? Example: School choice and charter schools
Educational reform –To address a decline in the level of quality of education; has led to some improvements
Educational alternatives –Provides school choice through vouchers, charter schools, and options such as homeschooling
Violence in the schools –Has led to the use of security measures, zero tolerance policies, and conflict- resolution programs
Bilingual education –Controversial, particularly in states with many Hispanics; has led to “English Only” movement
Conflict Perspective Conflict—the educational system serves to limit the potential of certain people and groups to gain power and social rewards
Social Control – Remember, school is an agent of social control. – According to Conflict Perspective schools are there to produce unquestioning citizens that will accept basic inequalities in the social system.
Hidden curriculum – The transmission of goals that are not openly acknowledged. Teaching conservative values that are focused on obedience to authority. – In other words you’re actively serving the dominant group without even being aware of it.
Tracking – Assigning students to different types of education such as: general,vocational-tech, and college prep. – Tracking is based on standardized test, grades and evaluations. – Lower social classes and minorities are overwhelmingly placed in general educational classes.
INDIVIDUAL INDIVIDUAL Work You will do research on tracking and the hidden curriculum. You may use laptops or iPhones. You must answer the question of “does the educational system help to maintain social inequality”. You must defend your position in 3-4 paragraphs or 1 page at least.
WARM UP 12/10/14 What is the hidden curriculum? Give at least one example that we discussed yesterday
Interactionist – students’ educational achievements and success are shaped in part by teacher-student interactions
Studies have shown that students tend to fall under the premise of the self-fulfilling prophecy. Self-fulfilling prophecy- a prediction that leads to behavior that makes the prediction come true.
Teachers, through words and actions, let students know what is expected of them, and the students performs according to these expectations. – Students who are expected to achieve come to think of themselves as bright and capable because they have been, and continue to be, treated as bright and capable people. – Students not expected to achieve, on the other hand, may come to think of themselves as inferior.
Why are interactionist sociologists interested in the self-fulfilling prophecy? Answer: because they think that face-to-face learning is the most important, so a teacher’s view of a student is one of the most influential things a student learns
You will create a fact sheet detailing how your district funds public schools, the student population, racial makeup, number of teachers. To include in your factsheet: How are funds generated do all schools receive equal funding how much is spent per student Compare/contrast CMS with Union county schools and Gaston county schools.