Links RSA Animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDZFcDGp L4U http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDZFcDGp L4U Chomsky on Purpose of education http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdNAUJW JN08 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdNAUJW JN08
The State of Education: A Global Perspective Education - social institution by which society transmits knowledge including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values to its members Schooling - formal instruction carried out by specially trained teachers – Schooling is more available in some parts of the world than others
The Global and Historical Context Many societies have no formal mechanism of schooling – Throughout the world, 1 in 5 adults cannot read or write. 2/3 of them are women – Has the United States always had formal schooling?
Thomas Jefferson, an advocate and pioneer of the American educational system, believed that education is important to promoting active citizenship and a democratic self- government. What did he mean?
Characteristics of Education in the U.S. Education as a Conserving Force – Schools indoctrinate students in the culturally prescribed ways. Mass Education – Many students attend school for the wrong reason.
Characteristics of Education in the U.S. Preoccupation with Order and Control A Fragmented Education System – Private – Homeschooling – Charter – Vouchers
Characteristics of Education in the U.S. Local Control of Education – Financing of schools through local taxes – Intrusion of religious views of the majority Sifting and Sorting Function of Schools – RSA Animation
??? What are some of the primary problems with the American educational system? How is education connected to other social problems?
Problems in Education- I. Educational Inequality Social Class and family Background – SES is one of the best predictors of educational success and likelihood of attending college – Educational performance clearly linked to SES Race and ethnicity – Hispanics and blacks have lower educational achievement at almost every level-Connected to SES, ELL status, biased testing, and overt discrimination ***Race/ethnicity and SES highly correlated
Problems in Education- II. Poor Performance U.S. International Rankings
Understanding Educational Problems Critical Constructionism-A structural approach – Schools perpetuate inequality – Educational System is stacked in favor of middle- and upper-class children and against children from the lowest classes – The education system reinforces socioeconomic and racial differences in the U.S.
Understanding Educational Problems Financing Public Education – Inadequately funded schools – Financing of public education is upside down
Understanding Educational Problems Family Economic Resources – Average SAT scores are linked to family income and race. – Affluence and educational advantages Higher Education and Stratification – Racial minorities are underrepresented in colleges.