PSYCHOLOGY Introduction to Psychological Disorders
Judging abnormal behavior? zRate the following statements on the following scale: yRating Scale 1 (Normal) to 5 (Abnormal) zI like to cook. zA wind storm terrifies me. zEvil spirits posses me. zDirt disgusts me. zI cannot seem to do anything right. zAt times I feel like smashing things.
Judging abnormal behavior? Groups the judges ones behaviors include: 1.Individual involved 2.Society: Family/Friends/the public 3.Mental Health professionals
Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorder - a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be: 1.atypical - differs from the norm 2.disturbing--varies with time, culture, context of the situation 3.maladaptive--harmful 4.unjustifiable?
Historical Perspective Historically perceived causes: movements of sun or moon lunacy--full moon evil spirits/demons
Historical Perspective Ancient Treatments exorcism, caged like animals, beaten, burned, castrated, mutilated, blood replaced with animal’s blood Trephining - drill holes in skull to release demons P. Pinel & D. Dix -worked to improve treatment of the mentally ill
2 perspectives 1. Medical Model concept that diseases have physical causes can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured “mental” illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
2 perspectives 2. Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective assumes that biological, sociocultural, and psychological factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders
Classifying Disorders DSM-IV American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders presently distributed as DSM-IV-TR (text revision)
DSM Info about the DSM: 1.DSM is used to classify disorders 2.The DSM looks at observable behaviors allowing it to be more reliable 3.It does NOT explain causes 4.It has been criticized for being too excessively broad in its range
Classifying Disorders Spectrum of Mental Illness: Neurotic ------------------------ Psychotic
Classifying Disorders Neurotic Disorder usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially
Classifying Disorders Psychotic Disorder loss of contact with reality experiences irrational ideas & distorted perceptions