2 DEFINITIONClause is a group of related words that contains at least one subject and one verb and is used as a sentence or part of a sentence.He is a news reporter. (As a sentence)She loves music. (As a sentence)Where he stays (As part of a sentence)Who lives next to my house (As part of a sentence)
3 TYPES OF CLAUSESThere are two types of clauses: independent clause (or main clause), and dependent clause (also called subordinate clause).Independent clause – is also called main clause, or principal clause.Dependent clause – is also called sub-clause.
4 Independent ClausesAn independent clause has a subject and a verb, and can stand alone as a sentence. For examples,They work in marketing department.What products are they going to launch this year?The company didn't perform well last year.What shall we do?
5 Dependent ClausesA dependent clause has a subject and a predicate, but it cannot stand alone as a sentence.There are three types of subordinate clauses:Noun clausesAdjective clausesAdverb clauses
6 Dependent Clauses: Noun clauses A noun clause is a subordinate clause used as a noun. For examples,What you have proposed is acceptable. (Noun clause)Tell me what your marketing strategies are. (Noun clause)
7 Dependent Clauses: Adjective clauses An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun. For examples,The man who is standing over there is a product development manager. (Adjective clause)His team has come up with products that have more features for customers. (Adjective clause)
8 Dependent Clauses: Adverb clauses An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. It tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditions. For examples,If the products are fit for the customers, we will maintain sales increase of 10%. (Adverb clause)There will be some promotion when the new product are available. (Adverb clause)