Added to the US Constitution to help get it ratified(approved) by all 13 states. ◦ Protects citizen’s civil liberties Rights given to man by God (his creator)
Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Freedom to petition the government ◦ Tell the gov’t how you feel Freedom to assemble Freedom of Religion ◦ Free Exercise Clause- can’t prohibit someone from worshipping how they chose ◦ Establishment Clause- Congress may not establish a religion (make someone belong to a religion)
Second Amendment ◦ Right to bear arms Third Amendment ◦ Restricts quartering of soldiers ◦ Remember the Quarter Act from Parliament? Fourth Amendment ◦ Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures ◦ Writs of Assistance from Parliament?
Due process- gov’t must follow laws concerning criminal and civil proceedings ◦ Double jeopardy- can’t be tried for the same crime twice ◦ Self-incrimination: testify against yourself in court Eminent domain- the government can’t take your property without paying you for it.
Sixth Amendment ◦ Protects the rights of the accused ◦ Public and speedy trial by jury ◦ Right to an attorney and witnesses in court Seventh Amendment ◦ Extends right of trial by jury to civil cases (if you get sued by someone)
Eighth Amendment- protects against excessive bail/fines and cruel or unusual punishment Ninth Amendment- just those rights mentioned in the Bill of Rights are not a citizen’s only rights Tenth Amendment- powers not mentioned in the Constitution are reserved for the states ◦ Reserved powers (controlling public education, elections, etc.)
Create a Student Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights protects citizen’s civil liberties from the government. Write 10 rights (in amendment form) which will grant you 10 protections from the school administration.