Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12: The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism 1812-1824."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12: The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism 1812-1824
On to Canada over Land and Lakes Describe the American army on the eve of the War of 1812. Why was Canada an important battleground in the War of 1812? Describe America’s offensive strategy. Describe the British defensive strategy. Why was the American navy more successful than the British navy? Who was Oliver Hazard Perry and why was his victory important? How did Napoleon’s exile affect the American military effort? Describe the battle of Plattsburgh and why the victory was important. Washington Burned and New Orleans Defended How were the British forces able to burn the Capitol? Who fought in the Battle of New Orleans? Describe the Battle of New Orleans? Even though a peace treaty had been signed two weeks before, why was the Battle of New Orleans significant? How did the Royal Navy respond to the Battle of New Orleans?
The Treaty of Ghent Why did Tsar Alexander I propose mediation in regards to the War of 1812? What demands were made by the British and how did the Americans respond? Why did Britain become more willing to compromise with the Americans? Why was the Treaty of Ghent considered an armistice and why is this important? Federalist Grievances and the Hartford Convention Why was New England a problem? Describe the purpose of the Hartford Convention. How was the Hartford Convention less radical than many believed? What did the delegates from the Hartford Convention demand? How were the delegates from the Hartford Convention received in Washington DC? How did Federalist doctrines outlive the Federalist party?
The Second War for American Independence The War of 1812 was globally unimportant but what how did it affect the United States internationally? How did the War of 1812 affect the United States nationally? Who became heroes of the war and why is this important? How did the War of 1812 breed independence? How were Canadians affected by the War of 1812? Describe the Rush-Bagot agreement and its significance. What was happening in Europe during this time period and how did this affect America? Nascent Nationalism What was the most impressive by-product of the War of 1812? How was this new nationalism demonstrated? Politically and economically, how was nationalism demonstrated?
“The American System” How did British manufacturers react after the War of 1812? How did American manufacturers respond to Britain? Describe the Tariff of 1816 and its importance. Who was Henry Clay? Describe the American System. How did the public respond to the American system? How did Congress respond to the American system and why? The So-called Era of Good Feelings Describe James Madison and the election of 1816. How did James Madison further cement nationalism? Why was the Era of Good Feelings considered a misnomer?
The Panic of 1819 and the Curse of Hard Times What were the traits of the Panic of 1819? What was the major contributing factor of the Panic of 1819? How did the Panic of 1819 set back nationalism? How did the Panic of 1819 affect poorer classes and why was this significant? Growing Pains of the West Describe the growth of the West. Why was expansion of the West happening so quickly? How did the economy impact Western settlement? How did Generals Harrison and Jackson impact Western settlement? Describe the Cumberland Highway. Why was the West forced to ally itself with other sections? Describe the Land Act of 1820 and its significance. Describe Wildcat banks.
Slavery and the Sectional Balance What happened in 1819 that demonstrated significant sectional tensions? Describe the Tallmadge amendment. Who was angered by the Tallmadge amendment Why was the South most concerned with the Tallmadge amendment? How did Missouri relate to the future of the slave system? How did Missouri relate to the Constitutional Congress? The issue of slavery was mostly political and economic but what role did moral questions play in the Missouri issue?
The Uneasy Missouri Compromise What role did Henry Clay play in the Missouri Compromise? What were the three compromises that comprised the Missouri Compromise? What did the South gain from the compromise? What did the North gain from the compromise? Why wasn’t the restriction of slavery in the territories offensive to the South? How long did the Missouri Compromise last and why is this important? How did the Missouri Compromise and the Panic of 1819 affect President Madison? John Marshall and Judicial Nationalism Describe the case of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) and its significance. How did Marshall give “loose construction” its most famous formulation? Describe the case of Cohens v. Virginia (1821) and its significance. Describe the case of Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) and its significance.
Judicial Dikes Against Democratic Excess Describe the case of Fletcher v. Peck (1810) and its significance. Describe the case of Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819) and its significance. What other effects did the Dartmouth case have? Describe Daniel Webster. How are Marshall’s decisions felt today? Sharing Oregon and Acquiring Florida Describe the relationship between John Quincy Adams and President Monroe. Describe the treaty of 1818 and its significance. How did Americans lay claim to Western Florida? How did rebellion in South American affect Spain and it’s hold on Florida? What did Andrew Jackson do in Florida? How did the leaders in Washington DC respond to Jackson’s actions? Describe the Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819 and its significance.
The Menace of Monarchy in America How did the Autocrats of Europe feel about Democracy? Why were Americans concerned about the European Autocrats actions? What role did Russia play in America’s fears about monarchies? Why didn’t Britain join other European powers in crushing the South American revolutions? What did George Canning propose in 1823? Monroe and His Doctrine Why did Secretary Adams question British motives? Why did the British actually propose an alliance with the Americans? Why did Adams believe an alliance with Britain was unnecessary? Describe the Monroe Doctrine. At whom was the Monroe Doctrine directed? Why did Monroe issue a warning against foreign intervention?
Monroe’s Doctrine Appraised How did Europe feel about the Monroe Doctrine? How did South America feel about the Monroe Doctrine? Why didn’t the Monroe Doctrine have much significance? Why could the Monroe Doctrine be considered “the Self Defense Doctrine”? How have other presidents used the Monroe Doctrine? How is the Monroe Doctrine an expression of post war nationalism?