What was the Era of Good Feelings? From the end of the War of 1812 to the end of James Monroe’s presidency (1824)
Why was it called this? One party because the Federalists were gone. No party fighting = good feelings! Nationalism because of victories over Britain No more problems with European countries.
What caused problems between the North and the South? 1. Congress’ Plan a.New National Bank to solve money problems (inflation = the money did not have value). b.New Tariff (of 1816) to keep British goods out and help American factories grow.
What did Congress’ Plan lead to? More sectionalism South was against the new plans. The tariff helped the North and hurt the South! Battled over power – Bank was too powerful!
What caused problems between the North and the South? 2. The American System: Henry Clay’s plan to build the American economy Road improvements, canal construction, and a higher tariff. What was the result? Stopped by the South because of sectionalism. They did not need the roads and canals. The tariff hurt them!
What caused problems between the North and the South? 3. Court Cases 1.McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) –the national government had power over the states. 2.Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) – national government power over all interstate commerce = business! VS
What were the results South unhappy about power of the government. Push for states’ rights and nullification begins again. Scared of losing slavery Led to arguments over slave and free states. SOUTHERNERS
What do you see? What conclusions can you draw from this?
4. Missouri Compromise Missouri wanted to be a slave state. Led to a big argument over slave states and free states. Compromise: draw a line across the country dividing slave and free states Maine = new free state Missouri = new slave state Keep free and slave states equal Sign of problems in the future over slavery in new parts of America
How did Foreign Policy change? Latin American nations began to get their independence from Spain Britain and the United States joined together to issue the Monroe Doctrine: Said that no European nation should try to take land in America anymore United States Army led by Andrew Jackson invaded Florida to fight Indians.
How did Foreign Policy change? Forced Spain to give up Florida in the Adams Onis Treaty. Importance: The U.S. could grow without anymore European interference = get total control of North America! No more European problems! Now only had ourselves to fight with (more sectionalism)!