The American System p Tariff of 1816 p Chartering of the Second Bank of the United States [BUS]. p Internal improvements at federal expense. - National Road Henry Clay, “The Great Compromiser”
Currency and Transportation Currency and Transportation Provided: GOAL: Produce a national economy that is independent of Europe Beef and grain; market for tools and textiles Tools and textiles; market for food and cotton KING COTTON; market for beef and grain Beef/Grain Cotton Tools/Textiles Beef/Grain
Currency and Transportation Currency and Transportation Opposed: Provided: GOAL: Produce a national economy that is independent of Europe Tariff prevented purchase of low- cost foreign goods Beef and grain; market for tools and textiles Federal expenses for internal improvements Tools and textiles; market for food and cotton BUS Liked easy credit from unregulated state banks KING COTTON; market for beef and grain Beef/Grain Cotton Tools/Textiles Beef/Grain
The American System: The National [Cumberland] Road
The Erie Canal E 1817 – 1825. E 363 miles Albany to Buffalo. E Much further than any other American or European canal. E http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6_f7S4BojGI&feature=related
Nationalism in Foreign Policy Nationalism in Foreign Policy John Quincy Adams (Secretary of State) Established foreign policy guided by nationalism – The belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns of the interests of other countries.
The Convention of 1818 Adjusted US boarder at the 49 th parallel up to the Rocky Mountains Joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for 10 years.
Adams-Onis Treaty, 1819 [“The Transcontinental Treaty ” ] Too weak to police its New World Territories, Spain ceded Florida to US and gave up claims to Oregon Territory Defined border of Spain Possession in the West
The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 3.How is this a reflection of Nationalism? Monroe Doctrine 2.What warning is given to the European countries? 1.What claim was made in the Monroe Doctrine? p Referred to as “America’s Self-Defense Doctrine” http://www.c-span.org/video/?122414- 1/monroe-doctrine
Judicial Nationalism: Marshall Court To what extent did the following cases strengthen the federal government? McCullough v. Maryland Cohens v. Virginia Gibbons v Ogden Fletcher v. Peck Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Missouri Applies for Statehood 1819 Why does Jefferson call this “A firebell in the night?” What interests are at stake? What solution do you propose to deal with the problem of slavery in the United States?
The Tallmadge Amendment All slaves born in Missouri after the territory became a state would be freed at the age of 25. Passed by the House, not in the Senate. The North controlled the House, and the South had enough power to block it in the Senate.
Missouri Compromise Maine admitted as a free state Missouri as a slave state Rest of Louisiana Territory split Set dividing line at 36, 30’ N