4 History (500s) 500s-South Slavs migrate down the Balkan Peninsula They each set up their own KingdomSouth SlavsBulgariansMacedoniansCroatsMontenegrinsSloveniansSerbs
5 History ( )Ottoman Empire (Muslims) take over much of the Balkan statesAustria and Hungary ALSO take over some Balkan statesMAIN POINT: The balkan cultures change every time becoming more and more different with every change of power
6 Main pointThe balkan cultures change every time becoming more and more different with every change of powerExamples: Under Muslim (Ottoman) rule, many Serbs clung to Christianity while many Bosnians converted to Islam.The
7 History (1878)Serbia breaks free from the Ottoman Empire
9 What was the spark that started WW I Assassination of Archduke FerdinandInvasion of France by Austria HungaryAssassination of the President of the USInvasion of England by France
10 The Black Hand Serbian group VERY Nationalistic A secret society with the intent of reuniting all South Slavs territories and populationsRESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING WW I WITH THE ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FERDINAND
11 After WW IWith the fall of the Austro Hungarian Empire at the end of WW I (1918)the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is formedIn 1929, renamed Yugoslavia
13 During WW II, who invaded Yugoslavia GermanyRussiaUSGreat Britain
14 The Croats cooperated with the Nazis ordering the massacre of who? RussiansPolacksSerbsJews
15 After the war a communist leader named Josef Stalin gained control. TrueFalse
16 Tito was a dictator who encouraged the Serbs to kill the Croats. TrueFalse
17 After WW II was over (1946), Yugoslavia was split into 6 republics After WW II was over (1946), Yugoslavia was split into 6 republics. Which one of the following was NOT a republic of Yugoslavia?Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatiaMacedoniaKosovoSerbiaSloveniaMontenegro
26 1991…What happened??? Serbia blocked a Croat from becoming President Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence and Serbia invades both republicsUN helps reach a cease fire in June 1992(Both Croatia and Slovenia remain free)
27 March 1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina declare independence Bosnian Muslims and Croats back the move but the Bosnian Serbs launched a war to stop it.The Serbs attempted to destroy all Bosnian Muslims and Croats (Ethnic Cleansing)…more than 200,000 died
28 1995US sponsors peace negotiations and a peace treaty is signed…Bosnia Remains independentUnited Streaming- Commander in Chief: Bill Clinton- July 1995, 700,000 killed in Balkan Massacre.
29 Also…in the 1990sMilosevic wants to wipe out the Albanian Muslims in Kosovo because of historical ties to that land (Kosovo was a self-governing province)The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) is formed to fight for the independence of Kosovo. Milosevic begins campaign of ethnic cleansing against Albanians.
30 1999NATO starts to bomb Serbia to force them to stop fighting in Kosovo.Milosevic withdraws and international officials find horrifying evidence that the Serbs had carried out tortures/massacres.
31 Fighting eventually stops Vojislav Kostunica is elected to reform and rebuild Serbia and Montenegro (what was left of Yugoslavia)Ethnic tensions still uneasy