Presentation on theme: "Seven Balkan nations which all used to be part of Yugoslavia: – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Croatia – Kosovo – Macedonia – Montenegro – Serbia – Slovenia."— Presentation transcript:
Seven Balkan nations which all used to be part of Yugoslavia: – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Croatia – Kosovo – Macedonia – Montenegro – Serbia – Slovenia
I will… – Have a working knowledge of the history of the Balkan Nations. – Analyze the reasons why Yugoslavia broke up into seven separate countries. – Be able to explain what happened in Sarajevo and Kosovo that resulted in significant bloodshed and life lost.
What empires did Yugoslavia belong to prior to its initial independence? Created after what war? What leader emerged as President upon Yugoslavia’s formation of a new nation? – What happened when he died? What two regions of Yugoslavia first began to pull away and seek independence?
Josip Broz Tito: Establishes a communist government, but not associated with the USSR – Kept strict control of the six republics and two regions (Kosovo & Vojvodina): secret police and censorship – Upon his death in 1980, Yugoslavia begins to crumble
1.1991: Slovenia & Croatia declare independence 2.1992: Macedonia declares independence 3.1992: Bosnia & Herzegovina declare independence – Civil war breaks out – Sarajevo the capital is the best demonstration of the violence that occurs 4.1992: Serbia & Montenegro = new Yugoslavia with Slobodan Milosevic as leader
Very militant in his leadership – Kosovo = civil war – Uprising in Belgrade (capital)
Milosevic developed a plan for a Serb-only state (similar to what Hitler tried to do in Germany). – 1000s of non-Serbs in Yugoslavia disappeared. – Many killed; bodies discovered in mass graves throughout Croatia, Bosnia, and Kosovo. – 800,000 fired from their jobs and kicked out their homes
Most ethnic Albanians, Turks, Bosniaks, and Gorani are Muslim (make up most of Kosovo’s population!
5.October 2000, the people of Yugoslavia voted Milosevic out of office (1992-2000) – Turned over to the United Nations and tried War Crimes and Genocide – Died before trial ended