Presentation on theme: "All About Contraception. Vocabulary Fertilization- The process by which a sperm and an egg and their genetic material join to create a new human life."— Presentation transcript:
Vocabulary Fertilization- The process by which a sperm and an egg and their genetic material join to create a new human life. Zygote- The genetic material of the egg and sperm combine to form one cell. Embryo- A developing human from fertilization through the first 8 weeks of development. Implantation- The embryo becomes embedded in the uterine wall.
Vocabulary continued….. Placenta- Blood vessel-rich organ that forms in the mother’s uterus that provides nutrients and oxygen to a developing human, along with removing waste. Fetus- A developing human in it’s ninth week of development until delivery. Dilation- The first stage of childbirth when the uterus contracts, which causes the cervix to dilate or open up. Expulsion- The second state of childbirth when the baby’s head fully emerges and the shoulders rotate. Placental- The third state of childbirth that begins after the baby is delivered and ends once the uterus expels the placenta (aka afterbirth)
Abstinence Refraining from intercourse May include sexual behaviors as well Fertility Awareness Studies pattern of temperature and vaginal discharge Couple avoids intercourse during fertile weeks. VERY DIFFICULT!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfboOt1bJcA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfboOt1bJcA Withdrawal VERY DIFFICULT!!! Man pulls out before he ejaculates. Combining two methods Does not work with two condoms Couple follows the directions for each of the methods
Birth Control cont… Female Condoms Soft, loose-fitting pouches with flexible plastic rings Effective for up to 8 hours (taken out immediately after intercourse) Male Condoms Pre-lubrication will prevent tearing Single use, catches sperm during ejaculation Diaphragms Soft Rubber cups fitting over the cervix. Should be worn for no longer than 24 hrs. Hormonal Methods “The Pill” “The Shot” “Emergency Contraceptives” “The Ring” The Patch
Birth Control Cont… The Implant Placed in a woman’s upper arm under the skin Prevents pregnancy for up to 3 years. Spermicides Gel, cream, foam, film, suppository or tablet OTC, inserted far up into the vagina to kill sperm that made it to the vagina. The Sponge Soaked in spermicidal foam Inserted into the vagina over the cervix. IUD (Intra Uterine Device) Plastic containing copper or hormones Placed in the uterus (copper lasts 10 years, hormonal lasts 5) Copper makes cervix harder to navigate through Hormonal IUD works like the pill
Birth Control Cont… Sterilization Woman- Tubal Ligation Man-Vasectomy Cuts and ties the fallopian tubes or the vas deferens. Permanent