Presentation on theme: "Writing Prompt Questions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Writing Prompt Questions What purposes do political parties serve in the U.S.?Can you have Democracy without Political Parties? Why or Why not?Do you think U.S. citizens value their “right” to vote?Is Public Opinion important? Please explain why.
6 What is a Political Party? organization of citizens who share similar views on issueswork together to put their ideas into effect through government action.
7 Role of Political Parties Selecting & Supporting candidatesServe as a linkActs as a watchdogSet platform & planks for partyInforming the public & activating supporters through pamphlets, bumper stickers, ads, signs, buttonsAct as bonding agentTo ensure qualified representatives are carrying the people’s message to governmentEnables the branches & levels of government to communicateThe party not in power is watching the party in power
8 PlatformA political party’s statement of its goals & positions on all issues
9 PlankA single issue on a political party’s platform
11 What do party members do? Nominate CandidatesCampaign for CandidatesRaise money, stuff envelopes, poll voters, & drive people to the pollsMake telephone calls
12 Role of Political Parties Selecting & Supporting candidatesInforming the publicMake sure qualified representatives are carrying the people’s message to government
13 Role of Political Parties (cont) Serve as a linkEnables the branches & levels of government to communicateActs as a watchdogThe party not in power is watching the party in power
14 National Level Raise money for Presidential campaigns Organize the national conventionCreate the party’s platformSenatorial Committee – elect Senators to committeesHouse Committee – elect Representatives to committees
15 State Level Work on electing state officials Work within the state to elect candidates to national office
16 Local Level Cities are divided into districts or precincts Organizes local election effortsResponsible for all elections
17 Republicans vs. Democrats… Unit 5: Ante UpRepublicans vs. Democrats…What’s the difference anyway?
18 Republicans more socially conservative economically libertarian closer ties to both large corporation & locally owned businesses than do the Democratsless affiliation with labor unionsstrong belief in personal responsibility, limited government, & corporate entrepreneurshipgenerally oppose gay marriage, oppose abortion, & oppose embryonic stem cell research
19 Democratsfavors farmers, laborers, labor unions, & religious & ethnic minoritiesopposed unregulated business & finance, & favored progressive income taxesadvocates for welfare spending programs targeted at the poor.Environmentalismadvocates civil liberties, social freedoms, equal rights, equal opportunity, & a free enterprise system tempered by government intervention (what economists call a mixed-economy)believes that government should play a role in alleviating poverty & social injustice, even if that means a larger role for government & progressive taxation to pay for social servicessupport gay marriage, abortion, & stem cell research.
20 This is a range of differences in political views between parties. Political SpectrumThis is a range of differences in political views between parties.
21 Political Spectrum in the U.S. Far left: RadicalLeft Wing: Liberal & DemocratLeft Moderate: Democratic mainstreamCentrist: Moderate. Democrat & RepublicanRight Moderate: RepublicanRight Wing: Conservative mainstreamFar Right: ReactionaryThis should be considered a spectrum in which a candidate can fall in between two categories from left (democrats) to right (republicans)Majority of Candidates elected to office are considered “Moderate”
23 Why do you think people choose not to vote? Many Americans regularly choose not to vote in elections.Why do you think people choose not to vote?
24 The main reason people choose not to vote is Voter Apathy – lack of interest in politics.
25 Gun ControlR: Oppose-Gun control is unconstitutionalD: Favor – Gun control is neededNatural EnvironmentR: Strong environmental laws harm the economyD: Strong regulations are needed to protect the environmentRace RelationsR: People & Business can be trusted not to discriminateD: Strong anti-discrimination laws are needed
26 Minimum WageR: Oppose- raising hurts businessD: Favor – help workersHealthcareR: Private insurers are preferable to government mandatesD: Universal access to HealthcareFamily ValuesR: “Traditional” family valuesD: Support Homosexual causes
28 Primary Election Elections held to Nominate candidates for political officeUsed to see which candidate is going to represent a political party.
29 2 Types of Primary Elections Closed Primary – only declared party members may voteOpen Primary – voters do not have to register, just have to choose which party to vote for before entering booth
30 General Elections Voters cast ballots to PUT A CANDIDATE IN OFFICE Candidates of different parties run against each other for election to political officeHeld first Tuesday after first Monday in NovemberPopular vote – votes cast by the peopleElectoral vote – votes cast for President as part of the Electoral College
31 Non Partisan Elections Political parties are prohibited from participatingCandidates organize & run without party help
32 Special ElectionsRun-off Elections – when there is a “tie” a run off must be held to determine a winnerRecall – voter can remove a public official from office