2 Presidential Candidate Election of 1796First election with political partiesFederalists: John AdamsDemocratic-Republicans: Thomas JeffersonAdams wins presidency & Jefferson becomes V.PPolitical rivalsPresidential CandidatePartyPopular VoteElectoral VoteCountPercentageJohn AdamsFederalist35,72653.4%71Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican31,11546.6%68Thomas Pinckney—59Aaron Burr30Samuel Adams15
3 France Threatens Neutrality Relations with France are still tenseFrance began seizing U.S. ships to prevent trade with BritainFederalists called for war with FranceAdams hoped talks would restore peaceAfter this slide, show the video of Adams and Jefferson discussing neutrality.
4 XYZ AffairAdams sent 3 agents to meet with the French foreign minister3 agents agreed to talk to U.S. for a $10 million loan to France & $250,000 to the ministerAgents known as X, Y, & ZCongress & the public were outragedCancelled all treaties with France & allowed for seizure of French shipsAfter this slide, show the XYZ Affair video (Jefferson reading Marshall’s letter about the loan and bribe)
5 Alien & Sedition ActsThe French conflict made Adams & the Federalists popular with the peopleRepublicans were sympathetic to FranceAdams was blasted in periodicals, calling him the “tyrant of America”To silence critics he passed laws aimed at aliensAct increased the wait time to become a citizen from 5 to 14 yearsAct gave him power to arrest disloyal aliens & deport themAct outlawed publishing false statements about the gov’tAfter this video play the Alien and Sedition Act video; first clip is Adams discussing them with his cabinet, second is Abigail reading the slanders in the newspaper, third is Jefferson telling Adams the states reactions to the acts, there is a fourth clip of Adams signing it but if you want to save time you can stop it prior to.
6 Response of Democratic-Republicans’ Jefferson & Madison led the fight against the lawsUsed the theory of states’ rightsStates had rights the federal gov’t could not violateVirginia & Kentucky proposed resolutions to nullify (cancel) the laws in their statesNullification was not widely supportedActs were repealed when the Republicans controlled Congress between 1800 & 1802
7 Peace with France War fever in America was high Adams reopened peace talks with FranceBoth sides signed the Convention of stop all naval attacksReopen the oceans for shipping & tradingAdams became enemies with many FederalistsAfter this video you could show John and Abigail going to the White House, but you don’t have to if you are short on time.
8 Election of 1800 Federalists: John Adams Democratic-Republicans: Thomas JeffersonNo majority wonElection was decided by the House of RepresentativesJefferson won the election & Aaron Burr became his V.P.After this slide, show them the clip of Jefferson talking about the tie with Adams. If you have some time left you can show the clip of him leaving or not.