Presentation on theme: "The Presidency of. First election with political parties Federalists: John Adams Democratic- Republicans: Thomas Jefferson Adams wins presidency, Jefferson."— Presentation transcript:
First election with political parties Federalists: John Adams Democratic- Republicans: Thomas Jefferson Adams wins presidency, Jefferson becomes V.P. Presidential CandidateParty Popular Vote Electoral Vote CountPercentage John AdamsFederalist35,72653.4%71 Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican31,11546.6%68 Thomas PinckneyFederalist——59 Aaron BurrDemocratic-Republican——30 Samuel AdamsDemocratic-Republican——15
Relations with France are still tense France began seizing U.S. ships to prevent trade with Britain Many Federalists called for war with France Adams hoped talks would restore peace
Adams sent 3 agents to meet with the French foreign minister 3 agents agreed to talks to U.S. for a $10 million loan to France & $250,000 to the minister as a bribe Agents known as X, Y, & Z Congress & the public were outraged Cancelled all treaties with France & allowed for seizure of French ships
The French conflict made Adams & the Federalists popular with the people Many Republicans were sympathetic to France Adams was blasted in periodicals, calling him the “tyrant of America” To silence critics he passed laws aimed at aliens One act increased the wait time to become a citizen to 14 years Other acts gave him power to arrest disloyal aliens & deport them Another outlawed publishing false statements about the gov’t
Jefferson & Madison led the fight against the laws Many used the theory of states’ rights They had rights the federal govt. could not violate Virginia & Kentucky proposed resolutions to nullify the laws in their states Nullification was not widely supported The laws were repealed when the Republicans controlled Congress between 1800 & 1802
War fever in America was high Adams reopened talks with France Both sides signed the Convention of 1800 to stop all naval attacks Reopen the oceans for shipping and trading Adams became enemies with many Federalists
Federalists: John Adams Democratic- Republicans: Thomas Jefferson No majority won Election was decided by the House of Representatives Jefferson won the election & Aaron Burr became his V.P.