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Forging a new international agreement EUROPEAN COMMISSION FEBRUARY 2009 Climate change.

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Presentation on theme: "Forging a new international agreement EUROPEAN COMMISSION FEBRUARY 2009 Climate change."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forging a new international agreement EUROPEAN COMMISSION FEBRUARY 2009 Climate change

2 The size of the challenge Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world Action is needed to stabilise rising temperatures to avoid irreversible and catastrophic changes Global measures are needed – we have a small window of opportunity Action now is less costly than dealing with unchecked climate change

3 Warming – a reality

4 Since 1850, the average global temperature is up by 0.76 °C Most of the warming happened in the last 50 years, due to human activities Causes: burning fossil fuels for energy, agriculture, deforestation We are already seeing climate change impacts like heat waves and more extreme weather events

5 What do we need to do? Bring big cuts to CO 2 emissions and switch to low carbon technologies Make dramatic changes to energy use and production Use energy more efficiently Promote renewable energies and innovative technologies Adapt to changes that are already under way

6 The origins of international action Countries began discussing climate change in 1992, with the creation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) The first international commitments to cut CO 2 came with the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 The EU played a leading role in past agreements and advocates strong future action

7 Beyond the Kyoto Protocol (1) Kyoto is: –Only a first step –It only runs until the end of 2012 –Not all countries are on board – including the US –It doesn't contain commitments for developing countries, and their emissions are fast catching up with those of developed countries

8 Beyond the Kyoto Protocol (2) A new agreement is needed It must be more ambitious, with long-term commitments to deeper cuts Developed and developing countries need to act We must keep the commitment to limit warming to 2ºC Global CO 2 emissions need to peak by 2020 and halve by 2050 Kyoto's successor must include support for developing countries and adaptation

9 EU actions (1)

10 In December 2008, European leaders agreed the climate and energy package, with ambitious targets for 2020. The package means: –20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 – 30% if other developed countries agree –20% of energy from renewable sources –20% increase in energy efficiency

11 EU actions (2) Concrete steps in package include: –An extension of emissions trading system –Support for carbon capture and storage –Country-specific targets for renewable energy

12 A new global climate agreement: the way forward

13 The goal is a new agreement by end 2009 at the UN conference in Copenhagen 192 countries are involved in the talks We need global goals for emission cuts We must strengthen countries' ability to adapt We need innovative sources of funding for developing countries An international carbon market should be in action by 2015

14 Find out more:

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