Presentation on theme: "Classroom Learning Theories and Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Classroom Learning Theories and Management EDEL 413CSUBDebbie Meadows
2 Think about: Who was your favorite teacher? What made them your favorite?Why was this important to you?How did the teacher handle themselves?How did they handle you? Others?What do you remember about the classroom?
3 Two Personal Questions… What do I have that will make me a good teacher?What do I need to learn?
4 Philosophies of Education EssentialismTraditions of society, morals, values, and skills necessary to be model citizens: A Nation At RiskProgressivismCurriculum is centered around interests of the students: DeweyPerennialismTruth never changes: Plato, Aristotle
5 Philosophies of Education ExistentialismFree will to develop as the student sees fit, self-responsibility, play is “good”: SartreBehaviorismChange the environment, change the student—teach scientifically: Pavlov
6 Philosophy into Theory Learning TheoryBehavioralWatson, Thorndike, SkinnerCognitiveBruner, Vygotsky, PiagetConstructivistDewey, Knowles, MontessoriMany, Many Others
7 Behaviorism Learning Theory Pavlov, Thorndike, John WatsonStimulus-ResponseB.F. Skinner “Operant Conditioning”Children respond to external stimuliChildren can be conditioned to respondChildren can be manipulated/shapedTeacher sets the goals,controls the environment, and creates assessments
8 Cognitivism Learning Theory Atkinson-Shriffin and AusubelSchema, Scaffolding, ChunkingAdvanced OrganizerThree-Stage Information ProcessingSensory RegistryShort-term MemoryLong-term Memory
9 Cognitivism Learning Theory Jean PiagetFour Stages of DevelopmentSensorimotor - birth to 2 yearsPreoperational - 2 to 6/7 yearsConcrete Operational - 6/7 to 11/12 yearsFormal Operational – 11/12 to adult
11 Constructivism Learning Theory Build on Prior KnowledgeConstruct New KnowledgeUnderstand through Authentic ExperiencesActive, hands-onProblem Solving, Exploration, CollaborationRevision and Reflection
12 Constructivism Learning Theory Jerome BrunerLearning is an active processStudents build new ideas based on their existing knowledgeDiscovery LearningSpiral Curriculum
13 Constructivism Learning Theory John DeweyCollaborative WorkTeacher is the Mentor or GuideInquiry Based Learning
14 Constructivism Lesson Progression SituationGroupingBridge from previous learningQuestioningExhibitionReflection
15 Putting Theory Together in the Learning Environment
16 What is Teaching? Philosophy of Education Learning Theory How will you as the teacher handle theAcademic DevelopmentSocial DevelopmentEmotional Development of the students in your class
17 What Makes a Good Teacher? ArtSciencePersonal Characteristics
18 The Art of Teaching Enthusiasm for Learning Liking for Children Desire to Help OthersThese things CANNOT be taught
19 The Science of Teaching Ability to Manage the Classroom EnvironmentAbility to Manage Student BehaviorAbility to Make Long-Range PlansAbility to Make Short-Range PlansAbility to Use a Variety of Instructional MaterialsThese things CAN be taught
20 Characteristics Of Successful Teachers OrganizationCommunicationAdaptabilityCreativityThese things CAN be Fostered
21 Teacher Responsibilities CurriculumInstructionClassroom EnvironmentSchool CommunityPersonal DecorumPhilosophy of Education
22 Three Questions for Teachers PhilosophyWhat should learners know?PsychologyHow do learners learn?PedagogyHow should learners be taught?
23 definition of learning? What is yourdefinition of learning?
24 Learning Process Phases PerceptionWanting to knowTaking in informationConceptionCreating meaningIdeationPutting information to use
25 Learning Process The process of how a student learns All good learning theories have these three componentsL.P. links to assessment
27 Erikson’s Eight Stages of Man Age and StageArea of ResolutionBasic AttitudesBirth to 18 monthsTrust vs MistrustHope18 months to 3 yearsAutonomy vs Shame/DoubtWill3 years to 5 yearsInitiative vs GuiltPurpose6 years to 12 yearsIndustry vs InferiorityCompetence