10 Factors Influencing Migration Push FactorsPoor Economic conditions (or opportunities) at originPolitical instability, discrimination at originPull FactorsGood economic conditions (or opportunities) at destinationFamily reunificationEase of MovingEase of movingAbsence of immigration restrictionsAssistance in relocatingRelatives/friends in place of destinationKnowledge of destination and similarity to origin
11 Voluntary MigrationDefinition: Permanent movement undertaken by choice.Due to economic or environmental pull factors.Guest workersFarm workersEnvironmental advantage
12 Migration TermsGuest Workers: People who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from Northern Africa, in search of higher paying jobs.
13 Forced MigrationDefinition: Permanent movement compelled usually by political factors.Termed: Refugees.
16 Migration TermsChain Migration: Process by which people are given preference for being allowed into another country because a relative was previously admitted.Quotas: In reference to migration, a maximum limit on the number of people who can immigrate to a country.
17 Migration TermsBrain Drain: Large-scale emigration of talented people.Illegal Immigration: Illegally migrating to a place without specific permission by that country.Intervening Obstacle: An environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration.
18 International Migration Trends Movement from Southern hemisphere to Northern hemisphere (examples??)Movement from poor regions to rich areas (examples??)Movement from tension areas (war, political instability) to peaceful areas (examples??)Movement from rural areas to urban centers
20 National Migration Trends Movement from East to Westtraditional settlement patterns of European immigrationMovement from North to Southfrom the rust belt to the sun beltresulting from changes in technologyLarge growth of Mega States such as California, Texas and Florida
21 Westward Migration Trend In 1800 the geographical center of the US population was between Baltimore and WashingtonIn 1980 it was 100 miles south-west of St. LouisBy 1990 it had moved further southwest about 100 miles to Crawford County MO
24 Internal Migration Mobility Over a 5 year period ½ of the population changes housesThe typical American will have fourteen addresses over his/her lifetime
25 Internal MigrationInterregional Migration: Permanent movement within a particular country, but from one region to another.Intraregional Migration: Permanent movement within one region of a country.
26 Minority Growth in USEthnic minorities accounted for 80% of US growth in the 1990’shuge increase in the Hispanic populationfast growth in Asian sectorminorities number 87 millionup 43% from 199033% growth during 1980’s
27 Minority Growth in USMinorities comprise 1/3 of U.S million populationgrowth over the last 20 years has been over 90%During the same period the white population increased just 7.6 %48% growth among Asians26% growth of Native Americans16% growth of African Americans9% growth of Pacific Islanders
28 Minority Growth in USHispanic population today accounts for 31% of US populationAsian Americans now number over 10,000,000increase of 48% accounting for 10% of total nation’s growth
29 California Migration Trends Movement from south to northmovement out of L.A.examplesMovement from urban areas to more rural areas (examples)Movement from inner city to suburbsOff loading of population from the coastal areas inland (examples)