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Presentation on theme: "Migration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Migration

2 Migration Overview Migration Terms World Migration Distribution
Factors Influencing Migration International Migration National Migration Migration in California Migration Essays

3 Migration Terms Migration: relocation of individuals - involving permanent move to a new location. Mobility: The ability to move from one location to another.

4 Migration Terms Immigration: Migration into a new country
Emigration: Migration from a location. Net Migration: The difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants.

5 Types of Migration International Migration: Permanent movement from one country to another. National or Internal Migration: movement within a country

6 8 9 1 5 10 2 6 4 7 3 Russia 19,668 Ukraine 21,079 Mexico 163,572 China
41,728 10 Philippines 55,876 Jamaica 19,089 2 6 Dominican Republic 39,604 4 Cuba 26,466 Vietnam 42,076 7 3 India 44,849




10 Factors Influencing Migration
Push Factors Poor Economic conditions (or opportunities) at origin Political instability, discrimination at origin Pull Factors Good economic conditions (or opportunities) at destination Family reunification Ease of Moving Ease of moving Absence of immigration restrictions Assistance in relocating Relatives/friends in place of destination Knowledge of destination and similarity to origin

11 Voluntary Migration Definition: Permanent movement undertaken by choice. Due to economic or environmental pull factors. Guest workers Farm workers Environmental advantage

12 Migration Terms Guest Workers: People who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from Northern Africa, in search of higher paying jobs.

13 Forced Migration Definition: Permanent movement compelled usually by political factors. Termed: Refugees.

14 Forced Slave Migration

15 Boat People – Refugees from Southeast Asia

16 Migration Terms Chain Migration: Process by which people are given preference for being allowed into another country because a relative was previously admitted. Quotas: In reference to migration, a maximum limit on the number of people who can immigrate to a country.

17 Migration Terms Brain Drain: Large-scale emigration of talented people. Illegal Immigration: Illegally migrating to a place without specific permission by that country. Intervening Obstacle: An environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration.

18 International Migration Trends
Movement from Southern hemisphere to Northern hemisphere (examples??) Movement from poor regions to rich areas (examples??) Movement from tension areas (war, political instability) to peaceful areas (examples??) Movement from rural areas to urban centers

19 International Migration

20 National Migration Trends
Movement from East to West traditional settlement patterns of European immigration Movement from North to South from the rust belt to the sun belt resulting from changes in technology Large growth of Mega States such as California, Texas and Florida

21 Westward Migration Trend
In 1800 the geographical center of the US population was between Baltimore and Washington In 1980 it was 100 miles south-west of St. Louis By 1990 it had moved further southwest about 100 miles to Crawford County MO

22 National Migration Trends

23 National Migration Trends

24 Internal Migration Mobility
Over a 5 year period ½ of the population changes houses The typical American will have fourteen addresses over his/her lifetime

25 Internal Migration Interregional Migration: Permanent movement within a particular country, but from one region to another. Intraregional Migration: Permanent movement within one region of a country.

26 Minority Growth in US Ethnic minorities accounted for 80% of US growth in the 1990’s huge increase in the Hispanic population fast growth in Asian sector minorities number 87 million up 43% from 1990 33% growth during 1980’s

27 Minority Growth in US Minorities comprise 1/3 of U.S million population growth over the last 20 years has been over 90% During the same period the white population increased just 7.6 % 48% growth among Asians 26% growth of Native Americans 16% growth of African Americans 9% growth of Pacific Islanders

28 Minority Growth in US Hispanic population today accounts for 31% of US population Asian Americans now number over 10,000,000 increase of 48% accounting for 10% of total nation’s growth

29 California Migration Trends
Movement from south to north movement out of L.A. examples Movement from urban areas to more rural areas (examples) Movement from inner city to suburbs Off loading of population from the coastal areas inland (examples)

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