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Spread of Islam Islamic Culture

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1 Spread of Islam Islamic Culture

2 The Spread of Islam When Islam spread, Arabic culture was combined with native cultures to create a truly international flavor

3 Rise of Muslim cities As a symbol of their culture, Muslim rulers put a lot of work into their cities Great cities were Cordoba, Cairo, Jerusalem and especially the Abbasid capital of Baghdad Baghdad was built in a circular design formed by three protective walls The caliph’s palace was made of marble and stone along with a grand mosque

4 Continuing Rome’s learning
After the decline of Rome, scholarship in Europe declined and may have been lost if it hadn’t been for Muslim leaders and scholars The House of Wisdom was opened in the early 800s in Baghdad It was a combination of a library, academy and translation center – texts were translated from Greece, India, Persia, etc. into Arabic

5 Muslim literature Qu’ran is the standard for all Arabic literature and poetry Famous popular literature included The Thousand and One Nights, a collection of fairy tales, parables, and legends Parts came from India and Persia but the people of the Muslim Empire added to it

6 Muslim art Muslims believe that only Allah can create life, so images of living beings were discouraged Many artists turned to calligraphy, the art of beautiful handwriting

7 Arabesque Arabesque decoration is a complex, ornate design, usually incorporating flowers, leaves, and geometric patterns. The designs can be found at mosques, mosaics, textiles, and sculptures.

8 Muslim architecture Great Muslim architecture is generally found in mosques It often blended Muslim ideas with Byzantine ones and included ideas from the area Cordoba Mosque in Spain

9 Medical Advances al-Razi, a Persian scholar, was the greatest physician of the Muslim world Wrote an encyclopedia called the Comprehensive Book that drew on Greek, Syrian and Arabic knowledge and Treatise on Smallpox and Measles Believed patients would be healthier if they breathed clean air al-Razi

10 Math and science Muslim scholars made two great contributions in the areas of math and science: Reliance on scientific observation and experimentation The ability to find mathematical solutions to old problems Greek scholars preferred logical reasoning rather than conducting experiments Spent time studying astronomy and charted stars, comets, and planets

11 Impact on Society Math:
Al-Jabr: wrote a book on a math technique today we call Algebra Science: Ibn-Alhazen: wrote a book called Optics Art: Calligraphy The Thousand and One Nights

12 Impact on Society Medicine:
Ibn-Sina: Discovered tuberculosis is contagious, can spread through water & soil, person’s emotional health is influenced by the physical health, 1st to describe: Meningitis, parts of the eye, &valves of the heart Geography: Ibn-Battuta: Muslim Explorer who traveled over 75, 000 miles and to every Muslim land, detailed map information and worked for foreign leaders

13 Muslim philosophy Ibn Rushd The House of Wisdom translated the works of Greek philosophers into Arabic The greatest Muslim philosopher was Ibn Rushd (also known as Averroes) who was critizied for trying to blend Aristotle’s and Plato’s views with those of Islam

14 Assignment (Activity 3.4.5) Islamic Museum Brochure
With one partner, prepare a brochure for a museum exhibit about Muslim learning, culture, and history Take one sheet of copy paper and fold in half – on the front, create a cover design for your exhibition Choose 3 different elements of Muslim learning, culture and history You must describe each element with words and pictures that you draw – no clip art!

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