Astronomy ◦ Accurately recalculated the circumference of the earth ◦ Studied eclipses
Medicine ◦ Required doctors to pass difficult tests ◦ Set up hospitals with emergency rooms Studied diseases and wrote medical books
Established an international trading network, connecting the Middle East, Europe, West Africa, India, China and Southeast Asia
Considered the Quran (Koran) the most important piece of Arabic Literature Created great work philosophy, poetry, and fictional tales ◦ Ex.) Aladdin, Thousand and One Nights
Established universities and libraries in Cairo, Egypt; Baghdad, Iraq; Cordoba, Spain; and Timbuktu, West Africa House of Wisdom Scholars worked at preserving, translating, and advancing Greco- Roman, Egyptian, and Indian knowledge
Crusades (1100 AD- 1300 AD) Demonstrated the superiority of Muslim technology and the impact of Islamic culture on the Middle East in their defeat of the Christians Long term impact: renewed trade and cultural contracts with Europeans. This propelled Europe into the Renaissance.
Around 1200 AD the Abbasid Dynasty began to decline Ethnic differences ◦ Muslim groups did not get along with Arabs, Persians, or the Turks Crusades weakened rule Attacks by the Mongols ◦ Captured the city of Baghdad