3 Picture It… You are an Indentured Servant in Colonial America Tobacco has become the cash crop savior of the colonyEveryone is trying to make $$$ planting itIt is EVERYWHERE!!!
4 Some Background: Indentured Servant: Headright System Someone who agrees to work for 5 to 7 years in exchange forFood, clothing and shelterTraining in a skillAnd/or passage to AmericaPossible landHeadright SystemA reward of 50 acres of land for bringing people to America (Virginia). Sometimes given to an indentured servant upon completion of the indenture contract.
7 BUT… Tobacco is incredibly harsh on the land The Colonial Economy & Labor Force has become one-dimensionalEducation is lackingCities aren’t developingIndentured Servants are frustratedhigh taxesno more land left for them
9 PRECURSORS TO BACON’S REBELLION 1. One crop economy2. Indentured Servitude3. Soil Dying
10 Something Does!!!As the market is flooded with tobacco, the price of tobacco plummetsFarmers not making much moneyGo into debtStill have heavy taxesAs tobacco is harsh on the land, the soil needs time to replenish
11 What To Do??? Colonists thought if they could just get more land… Could grow more tobaccoSell moreMake more money!!!But there is no more land…for colonistsWho has the rest???
13 Native Americans Treaties have been signed Borders have been drawn So What!!!!!!!!!!Discontent boils over…Farmers begin to invade Powhatan Lands to the WestGroup of Susquehannocks are killedRetaliation comes
15 Cry for War!!VA Governor William Berkeley refuses to authorize a war (with Native Americans)Farmers are furious at Gov’tIn steps…Nathaniel BaconLed poor farmers, indentured servants, even slaves on a rampage
21 EFFECTS OF BACON’S REBELLION 1. Farmers Start War2. Invasion of Native American Lands3. Attack Wealthy Planters
22 But Then… Bacon dies suddenly Rebellion fades out HOUSE OF BURGESSES – VA Assembly votes to lower taxes and open up some land
23 THE REALIZATION Indentured Servant Labor isn’t Working!!! They become free and want thingsLike land, freedoms, rights, moneyAmerican Colonies Need a New Source of LaborOne that won’t give them these problems
24 OUTCOME OF BACON’S REBELLION 1. Some Gov’t HelpLower Taxes2. SLAVERY EXPANDS IN THE COLONIES!!!Indentured Servitude will not work
28 What was Bacon’s Rebellion? Farmers expressing discontent, making war on Native Americans to get more land
29 What is the SIGNIFICANCE of Bacon’s Rebellion? The Significance of Bacon’s Rebellion is that African Slavery was expanded in the American Colonies(Cause and Effect!!!)(Changes over Time!!!)
30 Historical Background What caused King Philip’s War? What was happening to New England’s Native American population before 1675?Who was King Phillip?What were the results of King Philip’s War?Based on what you read, what do you think caused King Philip’s War?
31 Document ASourcing:Who wrote this account? Was the author a colonist or a Native American?When was this account written? (before or after King Philip’s War?)Given who wrote it, do you think it’s fair to call the document King Philip’s Perspective? Why or why not?
32 Document AContextualization: Begin reading the document after you’ve sourced it.4. What was happening in New England that led to this meeting?5. What are 3 complaints that the Native Americans made to John Easton?
33 Document BWho wrote this account? Why would the English government care about what was happening all the way across the ocean in New England?When was this account written? (before or after King Philip’s War?)What do you predict the author will say were the causes of King Philip’s War?
34 What are three different theories that the colonists have for why Indians attacked English settlements? Do the colonists blame themselves? Explain.Based on Document B, how would you describe the colonists’ attitude towards Native Americans?
35 Compare Points of ViewUsing evidence from Documents A and B, what do you think caused King Philip’s War of 1675?
36 What does King Philip’s War and Bacon’s Rebellion tell us about conflict in the colonies during this time?
37 Citations:Albert B. Hart, ed., American History Told by Contemporaries. Vol. 1, (New York, 1897).John Easton, “A Relation of the Indian War” in A Narrative of the Causes Which Led to Philip’s Indian War (Albany: J. Munsell, 1858), 5–15.