Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies Ch3 Sec1. Entry Task- You are the Teacher! Take out your vocab homework. Using the other students trifold, complete the worksheet."— Presentation transcript:
Entry Task- You are the Teacher! Take out your vocab homework. Using the other students trifold, complete the worksheet for every vocab word. Present your vocab sheet, show your artwork and make sure your fellow students understand your word in your own words.
Jamestown English Merchants asked King James for a charter for the area of Virginia. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America. Not prepared for colonial life 2/3 of the original colonists were dead.
John Smith Took over the colony in 1608 Made the settlers work harder and build a fort. Rewarded harder workers with food. Made friends with the Powhatan tribe Tribe brought colonists food and showed them how to plant corn.
Sickness in Jamestown In 1609, the colony received 400 colonist A year later there were only 60 left! Disease and famine struck the colony Winter was called “The starving time”
John Rolfe Introduced a tobacco that Jamestown farmers could sell in England Married Pocahontas Took her back to England where she died three years later. Video Video
War in Virginia In 1622, Colonist killed a Powhatan leader
Indentured Servants Often swapped 50 acres (headright system) for passage to colonies Gentry paid their way Got land back when debt paid, usually 7 years Often died & didn’t claim land Lowest social class
Bacon’s Rebellion Crisis Over Land Tenant farmers & indentured servants want to own land (couldn’t vote) 1670s- available land in Piedmont (foothills) Gentry didn’t want people in Piedmont, would make Native Americans mad
Crisis Over Land 1675, war between N. Ams. and settler in Piedmont Governor stopped the fighting
Nathaniel Bacon Gentry with land near the piedmont Attacked by N. Am. Organized militia and attacked N. Am.
Nathaniel Bacon Governor raised army Bacon got sick and died Rebellion ended
Slavery Increases in VA After rebellion, VA expanded to get land for small farmers (scared of rebellion) Plantation owners switch from indentured servants to slaves
Slavery Increases in VA Why the switch? -don’t have to free slaves -cheap land in PA means fewer Indentured servants -Royal African Company makes slaves plentiful
Slavery in the Colonies Olaudah Equiano- wrote an account of the Middle passage Middle Passage- transport of enslaved Africans to Americas Originally, slaves were treated like indentured servants
Slavery in the Colonies 1683- Maryland says slaves don’t have the same rights as whites 1705- Virginia slave codes- regulated and defined slavery