Presentation on theme: "Bellwork Add the following terms to your composition notebook Buddhism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bellwork Add the following terms to your composition notebook Buddhism Buddhaenlightenmentnirvana
2 The two major religions of Ancient India Hinduism and BuddhismThe two major religions of Ancient India
3 The Caste SystemDivided Indian society into groups based on a person’s birth, wealth, or occupationThe caste to which a person belonged determined his or her place in society.Each caste could only associate with members of their caste. EX: could not marry someone of another caste or even eat with someone of another casteSocializing with another caste resulted in a person becoming untouchable
4 Origins of HinduismBased on the Vedas or a collection of Hindu sacred writings such as hymns and poemsEvolved from Brahmanism or an ancient Indian religion in which the Brahmins (priests and religious scholars) are the dominant class.
5 Basic Beliefs of Hinduism Polytheistic – believe in many godsBrahman – universal spiritShiva – the destroyerVishnu – the preserverA universal spirit called Brahman who created the universe and everything in it. All other gods are aspects of Brahman.Every person has a soul or atman that will eventually join with BrahmanPeople’s souls are reincarnated or reborn many times before they can join with BrahmanA person’s karma (amount of good and bad in a person’s atman) affects how he or she will be reincarnated
6 Siddhartha Gautama India prince born into one of the top castes He was very concerned with the suffering of other people.He began to question the meaning of human life and the way of living.He went on a journey to find answers.He became known as the Buddha or the “enlightened one.”
7 Three Forms of Human Suffering Wanting what we like but do not haveWanting to keep what we like and already haveNot wanting what we dislike but have
8 Teachings of Buddha Four Noble Truths Suffering and unhappiness are part of life.Suffering comes from human desires for pleasure and material goods.People can overcome desire and ignorance and reach nirvana or a state of peace.People can reach nirvana by following an eightfold path that leads to wisdom, enlightenment, and salvation.Eightfold Path – the middle way between human desires and denying oneself any pleasure.
9 Buddhism Challenges Hinduism The Buddha rejected many of the ideas and teachings in the Vedas.Challenged the authority of Hindu priests – did not believe their rituals were necessary for enlightenment.Opposed to the caste system – which made Buddhism appealing to many in Indian society