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The Research Paper Charity I. Mulig.

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Presentation on theme: "The Research Paper Charity I. Mulig."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Research Paper Charity I. Mulig

2 Steps Planning Conducting Library Research
Organizing the Research Paper Writing the Research Paper Revising & Editing the Research Paper

3 Planning Set a Schedule and Follow it
Choose a suitable research topic or question. Prepare a preliminary bibliography Develop a preliminary thesis and make a working outline Take accurate and complete notes Arrive at a final thesis and modify your outline Write a first draft, citing sources. Revise your paper and proof citations including the list cited. Prepare your final copy, in correct form, and proofread.

4 After choosing a topic it is good to generate information by…
Asking questions (5W’s and H) Brainstorming Clustering Keeping a Journal Freewriting Researching

5 Conducting a Library Research
Prepare a preliminary bibliography. Bibliography Card : Book Authors Title and Subtitle Blumberg, Louis, and Robert Gottlieb. War on Waste: Can America Win Its war with Garbage? Washington: Island Press Complete publishing data TD788 .B58 1989 Call number

6 Conducting a Library Research
Bibliography Card : Article Author Magazine Month and Year of Publication Rathje, William L. “Rubbish!” The Atlantic Monthly Dec , Title Pages

7 Conducting a Library Research
Systematically take complete and accurate notes of your reading. Summary – capture the essential idea in a highly condensed form and in your own words Paraphrase – restate the information in your own words and sentence structure but with approximately the same number of words in the original text

8 Conducting a Library Research
Systematically take complete and accurate notes of your reading. Quotation –copy the words from the source exactly putting all the quoted material in quotation marks Quotation and Summary

9 Note Card Elements of a Note Card Topic heading Notes Source Comment
Topic/Subject Summary/Paraphrase/Quotation/Summary & Quotation Author, pages

10 Organizing the Research Paper
Formulate the Final Thesis Develop a Working Outline

11 In formulating the thesis statement it is good to…
Determine your purpose for writing. Analyze your audience. Writing from experience -express personal thoughts and feelings Writing to inform Report, explain, analyze, define, classify describe a process or get to a cause & effect relationship of the objective or real world Writing to persuade Attempt to influence others thoughts, feelings & actions towards a subject or situation Who are my audience? What do they know about my subject? What is there knowledge level? What does my audience need to know that I can tell them? Will my audience have any misconception that I can clarify? What do I want my audience to do? How can I help them?

12 Outline Informal Outline Formal Outline Title: ____________
Purpose: ___________ Thesis Statement: ___________ Introduction 2. Body -supply details here 3. Conclusion Title: ____________ Purpose: ___________ Thesis Statement: ___________ I. A. B. 1. 2. a. b. II.

13 Writing the Research Paper
Document your sources using the MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) Integrate Quotations Smoothly Unannounced quotation Integrated quotation Set off long quotations Avoid Plagiarism

14 In revising… revise the largest elements first
Is my topic well-focused? Does my thesis statement clearly state the point of my composition? Do I have enough supporting details and are my examples well-chosen to support my thesis? Is my organizational pattern the best one given my purpose? Are my paragraphs effective? Do I accomplish my purpose?

15 In Editing… Check grammar, punctuation and mechanics (capitalization and word spelling). Prepare the final copy.

16 …then revise your sentences & diction
Check your sentences… Revise your sentences & diction. Do my sentences convey my thoughts clearly? Do I subordinate less important ideas to more important ones? Do my sentences emphasize the more important parts of my thoughts? Are my sentences complete sentences? Is my diction exact, with each word meaning precisely what I think it does? Do I use appropriate language, avoiding slang, regional language, and doublespeak? Is my language unbiased? Is my writing fresh and forceful or burdened by unnecessary words?

17 Sources The Library:

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