2 Radicals Man are by nature, good and cooperative. Focused on the idea of the perfect society.Government can become corrupt and should never infringe on the rights of individualsConcerned with equalityWilling to resort to violence or breaking the law to achieve goals
3 Liberals Part of our system Capitalism is best but needs some reformsHuman rights over property rightGovernment should help those who cannotReform should take moderate meansNeed a large federal governmentBelief in Free speechAll rights for all people should be protectedNeed government regulations“Left Wing”
4 Moderates Made up of both Republicans and Democrats More concerned about compromiseTend to agree with issues of both liberals and ConservativesTend to find Political candidates from this areaCan be criticized for not doing enough at times
5 Conservative Part of our system Society represents accumulated wisdom and presents a proven formulaStatus QuoLegitimate authority is neededOppose strong central governmentFavors state rightsGood of majority over the minorityFavors cutting government programsShould protect economic interests“Right Wing”
6 Reactionary FascismThe ideas of the past are the correct ones which we should restore today.Communism is a direct threat to our societyWilling to use any means necessary to achieve goals – violence or breaking laws
8 The One-Party system: Truly a no party system. Ex. China Exists in most dictatorships.The government is simply an instrument of the partyTruly a no party system.Ex. China
9 So many parties, so little time. Multi-Party System:Many parties based on religion, economic class, sectional attachment, or political ideology.Unstable Coalitions must be formed.ex. Germany (MOST European democracies)
10 The two-party system:Two dominant political parties control most elections. Minor parties, if they exist get little or no portion of the electorate.
11 Why is there a two Party System? The Historical Basis: The nation started out with two-parties: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.The Force of Tradition: America has a two-party system because it always has had one. Minor parties, lacking wide political support, have never made a successful showing, so people are reluctant to support them.
12 What do Parties Do?Nominate—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office.Inform and Activate Supporters —Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates.Act as a Bonding Agent —Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office.
13 Philosophy Democrats Republicans Liberal Promote policies that represent new approaches.RepublicansConservativeCautious about change.
14 Party Tendencies Republicans Democrats Urban rural Change can only make things better.No success in the status-quo.Government can remedy problemsRegulation makes sure things are fair.Taxes pay for public needs: schools, fire/police, social programsFocus on PublicRepublicansruralDon’t fix what isn’t broken.State power over federalSmall federal govt.Less regulation on businessLower taxes = prosperityFocus on Private
15 Questions to consider… Who is the barber?Why do the perceptions of the mom and dad differ?Do these perceptions match today’s reality?
27 Why are Minor Parties important? Minor parties play several important roles:“Spoiler Role”CriticInnovator
28 The Three Components of the Party Party ComponentsThe Party Organization:Those who run and control the party machinery.The Party in the ElectorateThose who always or almost always vote for party candidates.The Party in GovernmentThose who hold office in the government.
29 More on the Future… For candidates: Structural changes have increased conflict and disorganization within partiesChanges in the technology of campaigning, especially the use of television and the Internet, have made candidates more independent of the party organizationThe growth of single-issue organizations provides candidates with another source of financial support