Presentation on theme: "October 21, 2013 Objectives: Students will be able to define a political party, and the functions. What are the differences between a Democrat and Republican?"— Presentation transcript:
1 October 21, 2013Objectives: Students will be able to define a political party, and the functions.What are the differences between a Democrat and Republican?
2 Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1:Political Parties and What They Do
3 ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN YOUR NOTEBOOK: 1. Name 2 political parties in the American political system.2. Which political party is the oldest in American history?3. Which political party favors less involvement by the government in our daily lives?4. Which political party favors social welfare programs?
4 It’s NOT what you attend at a friend’s house What isa politicalparty?It’s NOT what you attend at a friend’s house
5 What is a political party? (2 definitions) 1. Election oriented-A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
6 What is a political party? (2 definitions) 2. Principle or issue oriented-A group of persons joined together on the basis of common principlesseek to control government in order to affect certain public policies and programs.
7 The 2 major parties in American politics are: 1. Republicans
8 The 2 major political parties in American politics are: 2. Democrats
9 What Do Parties Do?1. The vital link between the people and the government. 2. a.k.a. “Power brokers”- they bring conflicting groups together by encouraging compromise between contending groups.
10 5 Major functions of political parties are: 1. Nominating Candidates for public officeThey select candidates and present them to voters.They work to help their candidates win elections
11 5 major functions of political parties: 2. Informing and Activating SupportersParties campaign for candidatestake stands on issuescriticize the opponent’s positions on issuestry to activate people’s interest and participation in public affairsUse pamphlets, signs, buttons, stickers, speeches, rallies, media advertisements.
12 5 major functions of political parties are: 3. The Bonding Agent FunctionEnsure the good performance, good character, and qualifications of its candidates and officeholders
13 5 major functions of political parties are: 4. GoverningCongress and state legislatures conduct their business on the basis of partisanshipPolitical parties provide channels between the legislative and executive branches of government.Constitutional change
14 5 major functions of political parties are: 5. Acting as WatchdogThe “party out of power” criticizes the behavior of the “party in power”- the party that controls the executive branch of government.This criticism tends to keep the party in power more responsive to the wishes and concerns of the people.
15 Democrats and Republicans dominate American politics The Two-Party SystemWho is Earl Dodge?The Prohibition Parties candidate for President of the US in 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, and 2000.Why don’t you know him?Democrats and Republicans dominate American politicsWhat does it mean?
16 Chapter 5, Section 2: Why a 2 party system?: Throughout most of our history, the U.S. has been a 2- party nation (the 1st two political parties were the Federalists and Anti-Federalists)The Constitution contains no provisions for political parties.Single-member districts (aka SMD’s)-help to promote a two-party system, and they tend to discourage minor parties (most voters think of a vote for a minor party candidate as a “wasted vote.”)
17 The American ideological consensus: Similarities:Both political parties are considered to be moderate, built on compromise, and seek the same goal of winning the majority of votes in the electorate.Republicans and Democrats regularly act in a bipartisan manner.
18 Differences: Each party tends to vote in favor of: Republicans-Private market economies-Less Government regulation of business-Less Government involvement in social programsDemocrats-Social welfare programs-More Government regulation of business-More Government involvement in social programs-Improve status of minorities
19 Multi-party SystemsMulti-party systems have historically been a feature of European democracies.Various parties are based on particular interests such as:economic classreligious beliefpolitical ideologiesCoalitionsex: Italy and France
20 One Party SystemsOne party system= “no party system”
21 Party membership Patterns: -Membership in a party is strictly voluntary -Each party has always been composed of a cross-section of the nation’s population. -No person or group is tied permanently to either party
22 Stereotypical alignment of voting patterns: DemocratsAfrican AmericansCatholic (until 2000) & Jewish PeopleBusiness Union MembersRepublicansWhite MalesProtestantsBusiness Community