3 Beginnings of Christianity The Romans conquered the land of JudeaJews here resented foreign rule and hoped the messiah would come to save and free themRomans began to punish the Jews and appointed Herod as rulerJesus was born under the rule of Herod, in BethlehemHis stories are part of the New Testament
4 The Bible Book of worship: Bible After Jesus dies, his disciples told his stories written into the New TestamentThe writers were: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They are the 4 Gospel writers
5 Christian BeliefsJesus grew up in Nazareth as a carpenter but began to teachHe taught there is only one, true GodHis followers believed him to be the Messiah
6 Fears of ChristianityRomans complained that Jesus taught that God was greater than the emperorJesus was condemned to death by crucifixion.He rose from the dead and asked his disciples to spread his teachings.
7 Christianity SpreadsThe Greek word for Messiah was Cristos and Jesus became known as Christ.Christianity spread to Syria and then to RomeLetters of Paul:*Saul, a Jew, rejected the Christian message until he had a vision that Jesus spoke to him*He changed his name to Paul and began to spread Christianity*Paul wrote epistles which became part of the Bible
9 Rome BurnsChristians were viewed as enemies because they did not worship the Roman godsFire started in Rome, leaving the city in ruinsNero blamed the Christians and they were sent to death, including Paul
10 The Appeal of Christianity For 250 years, the Romans tormented Christians and blamed them for the decline of the EmpireChristianity continued to spreadThe message of a better life after death appealed to manyChristian communities helped the poor and widowedEmperor Diocletian outlawed Christian services and put many to death*They became known as martyrsSection handoutReligions of the World Project