3 12 Tables/Law of NationsRoman law is one of the most enduring contributions to Western Civilization12 Tables displayed for all to see 450 BCEAs Rome expanded its borders, it had to deal with many different peoples’ customs in the Empire.Law of Nations: Roman Law was expanded to protect all citizens equally under the law.
4 Augustus ruled 31 BCE to 14 CE Setting the SceneAugustus ruled 31 BCE to 14 CERome tolerated various religions, to a pointRomans controlled PalestineJewish rebellion starting 66 CEJews driven out 135 CEWaiting for the Messiah (savior sent by God)
5 Jesus of Nazareth Why do we know about Jesus? His disciples (followers) wrote the gospels (or “good news”) to tell his storyBorn a Jew near BethlehemWorked as a carpenter & at 30 began teaching and preaching in public
6 The Romans Wherever Jesus went he attracted followers and crowds Roman authorities found his teachings troubling & Jewish leaders felt threatenedFound guilty of treason and sentenced to be crucified by Pontius PilateBecame a martyr (important symbol, from Greek word “to testify”)
8 What Happened NextRumors spread that Jesus rose from the dead after 3 days & ascended to HeavenDisciples believed he was the Messiah but most Jews did not accept JesusPaul spread Jesus’ beliefs to gentilesone of the first missionaries (spreading religious ideas),claimed Jesus was the Son of GodChristianity spread throughout the Roman Empire
9 In Rome 30 years after Jesus’ death, Nero ruled Blamed Christians for fire in RomePersecution: Martyrs became first saintsBoth Peter and Paul were killed under Nero