Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did the Renaissance begin in Italy and change the world?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: How did the Renaissance begin in Italy and change the world? Do Now: Define Renaissance?In what ways did Europe need a Renaissance?
2 I. The Italian Renaissance Renaissance means rebirthrebirth of ancient Greek and Roman knowledge***Began in Italy in the 1400s***strategic location to trade routes***expansion of trade, exploration, and technologyA middle class formed new wealthsecular views (worldly and not religious)
3 II. Humanism individual achievements over religious views Petrarch “father of the Humanism”Medici family: great patrons of the arts
4 III. Renaissance Artists Leonardo da VinciRenaissance manscientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor,Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.sketches of flying machines and submarinesMichelangelosculptor, painter, and architectSistine Chapel and The Statue of David
5 IV. Literature Writers wrote in the vernacular language spoken in their own regionsItalian, French or GermanShakespeare Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet***Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince“the end justifies the means”leaders must use absolute power and any means necessary to stay in power
6 V. The Artistic Renaissance used perspective and shadingblended religious themes with natural settingscreating a sense of realitymoved away from the art of the Middle AgesDuring the Middle Ages, painting largely focused on religious themes.Perspective is the ability to create a threedimensional appearance on a twodimensional surface.
7 VI. The Northern Renaissance Renaissance ideas spread to Northern EuropeJan van Eyck and Albrecht Dürer used new styles in art***Johannes Gutenberg invented a printing pressallowed for the mass production of textsBible: first book producedencouraged scholarly research and increased literacy increased
8 Questions for Reflection: Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?How did Renaissance art differ from Medieval art?How did humanism and secularism differ from previous Medieval beliefs?Why did the Renaissance eventually spread to the rest of Europe?Do Renaissance ideas still affect us today? Explain your answer.E. Napp