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Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved..

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved.."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved.

2 Renaissance Means REBIRTH Rebirth of art and learning Began in northern Italy

3 Economic Foundations Increased demand for Middle Eastern products Encouraged the use of credit and banking Letters of credit expanded supply of money and sped up trade. New accounting and bookkeeping practices used Arabic numerals

4 Italy Italian city-states became rich from trade: –Florence –Venice –Genoa They were trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe. Independent city-states governed as republics by wealthy merchants.

5 Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote The Prince –guidelines for the how to get power by absolute rule. Believed the ends justified the means One should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary.

6 Art and Literature Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation. Renaissance art and literature focused on individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity.

7 Artists and Writers Artists –Leonardo da Vinci –Michelangelo Writers –Petrarch

8 Leonardo da Vinci Painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper Handsome, athletic, singer, artist, scientist, inventor


10 Michelangelo Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David Sculptor, painter, architect, poet

11 The Sistine Chapel Ceiling

12 Pieta David

13 Petrarch Wrote Sonnets He wrote with a Humanistic approach Considered the “Father of Humanism”

14 Humanism Celebrated the individual Stimulated the study of Greek and Roman literature and culture Humanists were supported by PATRONS who were very wealthy The Vitruvian Man

15 Northern Renaissance With the rise of trade, travel and literacy, the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe. The art and literature changed as people of different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas.

16 Northern Renaissance Writers Erasmus—The Praise of Folly (1511) Critical of corrupt church practices Catalyst for Protestant Reformation

17 Northern Renaissance Writers Sir Thomas More —Utopia (1516) Depicts world with perfect social, legal and political system Leading humanist scholar

18 Pictures Cited Slide 1 – Slide 2 – Slide 3 – Slide 4 – Slide 5 – Slide 6 – Slide 7 – Slide 8 – Slide 9 – lisa.jpg, Slide 10 – Slide 11 – Slide 12 –, es/art/michelangelo/michelangelo_pieta.jpg Slide 13 – Slide 14 – Slide 15 – Slide 16 – Slide 17 –

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