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Published byMichael Hutchinson
Modified over 5 years ago
Unification of China
Zhou Feudalism Nobles, lords, allowed to use land that belonged to king Owe loyalty and military to king Lords began to think of themselves as independent kings “Warring States Period”
Qin Dynasty Legalist Shi Huangdi – “First Emperor” Stopped Battles Defeated Invaders
Shi Huangdi “Strengthened trunk, weakening branches” All nobles must live in capital Murdered Confucian scholars “Useless” Books burned
Autocracy Gov’t has unlimited power and uses it whenever they want
Centralization Highways – 4,000 mi long Unification of everything –Writing, law, currency, weights and measures –Irrigation projects –Trade increases –Taxes increase, repressive gov’t
Great Wall Work on Wall or Die
Fall of Qin Shi Huangdi’s son Weaker Han Dynasty took over
Terra Cotta Soldiers
Confucius – born 551 BC Zhou – Decline Studied, taught hist, music, morals Time of Crisis and Violence
Confucius 5 Basic Relationships Ruler and Subject Father and Son Husband and Wife Older Bro and Young Bro Friend and Friend
Confucius - Filial Piety Respect for parents and ancestors Devote life to parents Honor them after death
Confucius Wanted rulers to govern wisely Became Minister of Justice –Crime went away –Analects
Confucius – Gov’t Edu is key to becoming gentlemen Bureaucracy – Trained civil service…many different officials Ethical System –Right vs. Wrong
Daoism “The Way” Of creatures, humans fail to follow “the way” Natural order, more important than social order Universal force guides all things Humans should live simply and in harmony with nature
Legalism Highly efficient and powerful gov’t Rich rewards for carrying out duties well Disobedient Punished Controlled Peoples ideas and actions Can’t criticize gov’t
I Ching Book that helped people live happy lives
Yin and Yang 2 Powers represent natural rhythms of life Yin-cold, dark soft, mysterious Yang – warm, bright, hard, clear Together - Harmony
An Empire Unifies China
Libertyville High School
NEXT Section 4 River Dynasties in China Early rulers introduce ideas about government and society that shape Chinese civilization.
Objectives: 1. Summarize Confucian ideas about the family and about society 2. Identify ethical systems 3. Describe the rise and fall of the Qin Dynasty.
Lesson 7.03 Beliefs of Ancient China Ancestors Your great grandparents, great great grandparents, etc. are your ancestors. Ancestors were worshipped.
The Qin and Han Dynasties
First Age of Empires BCE.
1570 BC-200 BC. Asiatic invaders, called Hyksos Followed the Middle Kingdom and ruled from about 1640 to 1570 BC. During this time, the Hebrews.
ETHICAL SYSTEMS OF CHINA The qin – han dynasty “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” - Confucius Chinese philosopher & reformer.
Unification of China Confucius and the Social Order 5 Basic relationships Ruler and subject Father and son Husband and wife Older brother and younger brother.
4.4 The Unification of China
Libertyville HS – World History. “Period of Warring States” China descended into chaos; culture appeared to be threatened Chinese scholars wanted to revive.
Section 3: China. Classical China-Huang He River (geographically isolated) Invaders-north The Great Wall-built for protection. Ethical systems-Confucianism.
The Unification of China Section 4 The social disorder of the warring states contributes to the development of three Chinese ethical systems.
China’s Empire. Philosophy and Social Order Confucius Most influential scholar Lived during time when Zhou dynasty was in shambles Studied and taught.
SSWH2.C,D. [ DO NOT WRITE] In 1976, archaeologists discovered the tomb of Lady Hao. She was a queen and military leader of the Shang Dynasty. She died.
Empire of China. Zhou Dynasty ( BC) Mandate of Heaven : justifies royal authority and establishes dynastic cycles Nobles rule through feudalism.
Essential Questions How did Shi Huangdi treat people who opposed him?
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