Presentation on theme: "Grammar Rules- Agreement Within a sentence, subjects and verbs must agree. That means, if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too. Within a."— Presentation transcript:
Grammar Rules- Agreement Within a sentence, subjects and verbs must agree. That means, if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too. Within a sentence, pronouns and antecedents must agree. That means, if the pronoun is she, the antecedent must be a female.
Agreement- Subject/Verb Plural subjects must have plural verbs, and singular subjects must have singular verbs. To make a subject plural, you usually just need to add an –s or –es to the noun. The opposite is true for verbs. In order to make a verb singular, you usually just need to add an –s or –es. –EXAMPLE1: The boys walk home from school. –EXAMPLE2: The girl walks home from school.
Agreement- Irregular Verbs Irregular verbs must agree with their subject. –BAD EXAMPLE1: I are waiting for lunch. –GOOD EXAMPLE1: I am waiting for lunch. –BAD EXAMPLE2: The boys was eating dinner. –GOOD EXAMPLE2: The boys were eating dinner.
Agreement- Pronoun/Antecedent Pronouns (he, she, it, they, us) always refer back to a noun. That noun is called an antecedent. Pronouns must properly reflect the noun to which they refer. –EXAMPLE1: Sharon bought groceries, and she carried them home. –EXAMPLE2: The students ate breakfast; they thought it was good. –EXAMPLE3: The cat is crazy, but it is fun to play with. –EXAMPLE4: Brian, Joe, and I went to Johnny’s, and his mom gave us ice cream.
Agreement- Non-Gender Specific Antecedents Don’t use they/them to refer back to singular, non-gender specific nouns or pronouns. Use “his or her” instead. –BAD EXAMPLE: Everyone got to see their relatives this holiday season. –GOOD EXAMPLE1: Everyone got to see his or her relatives this holiday season. –GOOD EXAMPLE2: Each student turned in his or her homework.