2 Review: What’s a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word used to stand for (or take the place of) a noun.A word can refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence. Example:We do not talk or write this way. Automatically, we replace the noun Lincoln's with a pronoun. More naturally, we say
3 What’s an Antecedent?The pronoun his refers back to President Lincoln. President Lincoln is the ANTECEDENT for the pronoun his. An antecedent is a word for which a pronoun stands. (ante = "before")The pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number.Rule: A singular pronoun must replace a singular noun; a plural pronoun must replace a plural noun.
4 Rule #1A phrase or clause between the subject and verb does not change the number of the antecedent. Example:
5 Rule #2Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronoun referents.
6 Rule #3 Compound subjects joined by and always take a plural referent. Example:
7 Rule #4 With compound subjects joined by or/nor, the referent pronoun agrees with the antecedent closer to the pronoun. Example #1 (plural antecedent closer to pronoun):Example #2 (singular antecedent closer to pronoun):