3 1. List the 6 classes of nutrients CarbohydratesFatsProteinVitaminsMineralsWater
4 All of these diseases can be How does eating a balanced diet today effect how you feel in the future?What you eat during your teens can affect your risk of developing obesity, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and cancer when you are in your 30’s, 40’s or 50’s.All of these diseases can beaffected by your diet.
5 3. Which 3 nutrients give us energy? CarbohydratesFatsProtein
6 4. What are calories and how many do each of the above nutrients have per gram? Calories are how we measure how much energy a food has.Carbohydrates = 4 calories per gramProtein = 4 calories per gramFats = 9 calories per gram
7 5. What are the 2 types of carbs and what is an example of each? Complex Carbohydrates= StarchesEx: Bread, pasta, riceSimple Carbohydrates= SugarsEx: chocolate, candy
8 6. If carbohydrates are not used for energy, what happens to them? Carbs are the first calories burned for energy. If they are not used theyare stored in your body as fat.
9 7. Why is fiber so important in keeping us healthy? Fiber keeps your intestines healthyPrevents constipationMay help prevent colon cancer and heart diseaseIncreases the amountof fluid in yourdigestive system.
10 8. Fats are also divided into 2 groups, name them and an example of each. Saturated Fats:fats that are solid at room temperature.ex: lard (crisco), butterUnsaturated Fats:fats that are liquid at room temperature.ex: cooking oils
11 9. What is cholesterol and what does is do in our bodies? Cholesterol combines with molecules to circulate in the blood.It is needed to make Vit. D,cell membranes & certainhormones.Our body produces some cholesterol but we get most of it from our diets.
12 LDL is theGOODcholesterolHDL is theBADcholesterol.
13 10. How is protein used in our body? It helps the body build new cells and repair existing ones. It helps with muscle development.It is burned forenergy after theCarbs are gone.
14 11. What is Protein made up of? Amino AcidsThere are 20 different types ofamino acids but only9 essential ones.
15 12. What is the difference between complete proteins & incomplete proteins? Complete proteins contain the 9essential amino acidsIncomplete proteins do not containall the essential amino acids
16 13. What are the 2 classes of vitamins? What is the difference? Fat soluble vitaminsDissolve in fat and can be stored in the body
17 Dissolve in water and are not stored in the body. Water soluble vitaminsDissolve in water and are not stored in the body.The body uses what it needs then gets rid of the rest.
18 14. What do minerals do for our body? Minerals help build and repair tissues.Needed for enzyme activityNeeded for boneformation.
19 15. What is nutrient deficiency? Nutrient Deficiency occurs when our body does not have enough of the 6nutrients needed tofunction properly.Without enough nutrients certainbody functions may not function properlyand could weaken certain organs.
20 Our body is made up of 60% water. 16. What percent of your body is water? Why is it so important for our body?Our body is made up of 60% water.Water is needed for everybody function, without theproper amount of watercertain body functions maynot perform as they should.
21 17. How much water should you have a day? At least eight 8oz glassesof water each day!It’s important to drinkmore water than you lose!
22 18. What is dehydration and how can it be dangerous? Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough water.Dehydration can interfere with both mental and physical performance.Early symptoms might be fatigue, loss of appetite, dry eyes.Dehydration could leadto death.
23 19. What are the ABC’s of good health? AIMfor fitnessa healthy baseBUILDCHOOSEsensibly
24 20. What makes a food “junk food”? Is all “junk food” bad for us? healthy or junkdepends on how manynutrients it provides relative tohow many calories it contains.Junk food is only a problemif it makes up a largepart of your diet.
25 Is snacking bad???Snacking isn’t bad if done right. If done right is can increase your nutrient intake and help you maintain a healthy weight.Eating smaller amounts of food(with nutritional value) throughoutthe day vs 3 large meals a daycan actually be better foryour metabolism.
26 22. How do our dietary needs change as we get older? Nutrient needs change witheach stage of life,infancy, childhood, adolescence& adulthoodAs you get older you haveto watch your intake ofcalories because yourmetabolism slows down.The more active you arethe more calories you need.
27 & minerals are needed to 23. Why do pregnant women need more energy and protein than non-pregnant women?To help meet energy needs, expectant mothers need about 450 additional calories.More protein, vitamins& minerals are needed toaid in the developmentof the baby.
28 What does it mean to be vegetarian What does it mean to be vegetarian? What is a big concern for vegetarians?A vegetarian is one who does not eat animal products.They may limit their intake of animal foods such as meats, poultry, fish, dairy foods and eggsThey may not get enoughprotein without meat in their diet .