2 List the 6 classes of nutrients CarbohydratesFatsProteinVitaminsMineralsWaterVideo on picture*
3 All of these diseases can be affected How does eating a balanced diet today effect how you feel in the future?What you eat during your teens can affect your risk of developing obesity, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and cancer when you are in your30’s, 40’s or 50’s.All of these diseases can be affectedby your diet.
4 Which 3 nutrients give us energy? CarbohydratesFatsProteinHow do we know they give us energy? THEY have CALORIES!
5 How many do each of the following nutrients have per gram? What are calories?Calories are how we measurehow much energy a food has.How many do each of the following nutrients have per gram?Video on picture. Whooper 7!Carbohydrates = 4 calories per gramProtein = 4 calories per gramFats = 9 calories per gram*
6 What are “empty” calories? A measurement of the energy present in high-energy foods with poor nutritional value.
7 What are the 2 types of carbohydrates Complex Carbohydrates= StarchesEx: Bread, pasta, riceBenefit of complex carbs is that absorb them more slowly and thusly have energy that will lasts us longer! SO EAT BREAKFAST!!!Benefits of complex carbs videoSimple Carbohydrates= SugarsEx: chocolate, candy*
8 If carbohydrates are not used for energy, what happens to them? Carbohydrates are the first caloriesburned for energy. If they are not used theyare stored in your body as fat.
9 Why is fiber so important in keeping us healthy? Fiber keeps your intestines healthyPrevents constipationMay help prevent colon cancer and heart diseaseIncreases the amountof fluid in yourdigestive system.Importance of fiber video, click on picture*
10 Fats are also divided into 2 groups, name them and an example of each. Saturated Fats:fats that are solid at room temperature.ex: lard (crisco), butterFatty foods trick brain videoUnsaturated Fats:fats that are liquid at room temperature.ex: cooking oils*
11 What is cholesterol? What does it do in our bodies? Fatty like substance made by the body .Cholesterol combines with molecules to circulate in the blood.What does it do inour bodies?It is needed to make Vit. D,cell membranes & certain hormones.*
12 HDL is theGOODcholesterol.LDL is theBADcholesterol
13 What can happen if we have too much cholesterol in our body? Higher Risk of High Blood Pressure, Heart attack, Stroke, and Heart Disease.Video about clogged arteries and repair, on picture*
14 How is protein used in our body? PROTEINS: It helps the body build new cells and repair existing ones. It helps with muscle development.It is burned forenergy after theCarbohydratesare gone.*
15 What is Protein made up of? Amino AcidsThere are 20 different types ofamino acids but only9 essential ones.
16 Incomplete proteins do not contain all the essential amino acids What is the difference between complete proteins & incomplete proteins?Complete proteins contain the 9essential amino acidsIncomplete proteins do not containall the essential amino acids*
17 What are the 2 classes of vitamins? What is the difference? #1 Fat SolubleDissolve in fat and can be stored in the body.*
18 Soluble Dissolve in water and are not stored in the body. Video on “water”The body uses what it needs then gets rid of the rest.*
19 What is nutrient deficiency? occurs when our body doesnot have enough of the6 nutrients needed tofunction properly.Without enough nutrients certainbody functions may not function properlyand could weaken certain organs.*
20 What do minerals do for our body? Minerals help build and repair tissues.Needed for enzyme activityNeeded for boneformation.*
21 What percent of your body is water? Why is it soimportantfor our body?Our body is made up of 60% water.Water is needed for everybody function, without theproper amount of watercertain body functions maynot perform as they should.
22 How much water should you have a day? At least eight8oz glassesof water each day!
23 What is dehydration and how can it be dangerous? Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough water.Dehydration can interfere with both mental and physical performance.Early symptoms might be fatigue, loss of appetite, dry eyes.Dehydration could leadto death.Video on pictureIt’s important to drinkmore water than you lose!*
24 What makes a food “junk food”? Is all “junk food” bad for us? healthy or junkdepends on how manynutrients it provides relative tohow many calories it contains.Junk food is only a problemif it makes up a largepart of your diet.*
25 Is snacking bad???Snacking isn’t bad if done right. If done right is can increase your nutrient intake and help you maintain a healthy weight.Eating smaller amounts of food(with nutritional value) throughoutthe day vs 3 large meals a daycan actually be better foryour metabolism.Is junk food addictive video on green guy picture*
26 How do our dietary needs change as we get older? More Nutrients Needed during childhood and teens because growingAs you get older you haveto watch your intake ofcalories because yourmetabolism slows down.The more active youare the more calories you need.
27 To help meet energy needs, expectant mothers need about 450 Why do pregnant women need more energy and protein than non-pregnant women?To help meet energy needs, expectant mothers need about 450additional calories.More protein, vitamins& minerals are needed toaid in the developmentof the baby.
28 What does it mean to be vegetarian? Limits their diets to few or no animal products, usuallyno meat except seafood.Vegan?A vegetarian who does not eat any animal products.*
29 What is a big dietary concern for vegetarians & vegans? They may not getenough proteinwithout meatin their diet.*