2 What is Nutrition?Materials and food necessary to support life and growth: Nutrients.
3 What are nutrients?Substances in food that your body needs to regulate bodily functions, promote growth, repair body tissues, and obtain energy.Your body requires more than 40 different nutrients to do these tasks.The process in which the body takes in and uses these nutrients is called: NUTRITION
4 6 types of Nutrients Carbohydrates* Proteins* Fats* Vitamins Minerals Water*Supplies body with energy
5 What are Carbohydrates? Supplies energy to the body45 to 65% of calorie intake2 types of Carbs:Simple (Sugars that give the body a quick burst of energyComplex (Starches that give the body a long-term form of energy)
6 What is the difference between simple and complex Carbohydrates? Simple (sugars) or known as glucoseFound naturally in fruits, vegetables, and milkAdded to manufactured foods such as cookies, candies, and soda pop.Complex (Starches)Rice, bread, pasta, potatoes, beans, cornDigestive system breaks down starches into glucose to be absorbed in the bloodstream.
7 What are Proteins?Provides energy but main function is to help body grow and repair body’s tissues.Examples are meat, eggs, poultry, milk, milk products, tofu, nuts, dried beans, dried peas and lentils.10 to 35% of your calorie intake
8 Do we need Fats?YES! They supply energy to the body, help form cells, maintain body temperature, and protect your nerves.20-35% of daily calorie intake2 types of fat. Saturated and Unsaturated
9 What are the 2 types of Fat? Saturated (BAD)-too much can cause heart disease-solid at room temperature-Animal fat-Lard, dairy productsUnsaturated (GOOD)-liquid at room temperature-plant source-vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados
10 What are vitamins? Substances that help regulate the body’s functions 2 types known as fat and water soluble.Fat soluble is stored in the body. Examples are Vitamin A, D, E, K.Water soluble is not stored so you need to eat everyday!Examples are all B and C
11 Why do I need minerals? Strengthen bones and teeth. Keep blood healthy as well as your heart and other organs workingYour body needs 7 :Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Chlorine, SulfurOther minerals are Fluorine, Iodine, Iron, and Zinc
12 Why is water so important to my diet? Drink 10-8 oz a day. (Half of your body weight in oz)
13 What is a Diet? The sum of food consumed by an organism or group. What you eat everyday!
14 Why is it important to eat healthy? Best way to live a healthy life is to eat a balanced diet.It provides nutrients that your body needs to functionIt gives you energy and keeps you alert throughout the dayPrevents diseases and sickness.i.e. diabetes, obesity, cancer, heart disease
16 3-Day Journal You will create a Daily Food Journal: Write down everything you eat for 3 daysPut the food in the correct categoryAdd up the quantities in each category for each dayWrite down how much exercise you get each day.Many phone apps!!!Summarize