2 alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Ex: Mother whose heart hung humble as a buttonassonance: the repetition of a vowel sound within nonrhyming words.Ex: “ached from labor in the weekday weather”
3 blank verse: unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter. ballad: a narrative poem (poem that tells a story) that was originally meant to be sung.blank verse: unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter.Ex: “A common slave – you know him well by sight”cliché: an overused phrase or expression that writers must avoid using.Ex: “as hungry as a horse” “as sweet as sugar”
4 connotation: the emotional response caused by a word. consonance: the repetition of consonant sounds within and at the ends of words.Ex: “Last, but not least”denotation: the literal dictionary definition of a word.form: the physical arrangement of words in a poem – length and placement of lines and grouping of lines into stanzas.
5 imagery: words and phrases that re-create vivid sensory experiences. free verse: poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhyme and meter.iambic pentameter: five feet of stressed/unstressed syllables in a line of poetry./ / / / /Ex: “The course of true love never did run smooth”imagery: words and phrases that re-create vivid sensory experiences.
6 meter: the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry. lyric: originally, a song accompanied by music; in poetry, a short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses his or her innermost thoughts and feelings.metaphor: makes a comparison between two things by saying one IS the other.meter: the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry.onomatopoeia: the process of creating or using words that imitate sounds.Ex: the buzz of a bee
7 personification: human qualities are given to an object, animal, or idea. Ex: “The opening of the cave yawned wide.”rhyme: the sounds of accented vowels and all succeeding sounds are identical.true rhyme: “day” and “may”end rhyme: rhyming the last words of linesoff rhyme: “other” and “bother”internal rhyme: rhyming in a line (Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary/)
8 rhyme scheme: the pattern of end rhyme in a poem; the pattern is charted using the letters of the alphabet, starting with “a.”But thy eternal summer shall not fade,Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growest
9 rhythm: the pattern or beat of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; used to bring out the musical quality of the poem.simile: a stated comparison between two unlike things using the words “like” or “as.”sonnet: a lyric poem of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentameter.speaker: the voice that “talks” to the reader in a poem.stanza: a group of lines that form a unit of poetry.theme: the central idea or message in a work of literature.tone: the attitude a writer takes toward a subject.