Presentation on theme: "The Direct Approach This approach was developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation approach in an attempt to integrate more use of."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Direct ApproachThis approach was developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation approach in an attempt to integrate more use of the target language in instruction.
2 Features of the Direct Approach Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language.Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught.Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully tradedprogression organized around question-and-answer exchanges between teachers and students in small, intensive classes.Lessons begin with a dialogue using a modern conversational style in the target language. 5. New teaching points are taught through modeling andpractice.
3 Features of the Direct Approach (Contd.) 6. Concrete vocabulary is taught through demonstration,objects, and pictures; abstract vocabulary is taught byassociation of ideas.7. The mother tongue is NEVER, NEVER used.There is no translation.8. Both speech and listening comprehension are taught.9. Correct pronunciation and grammar are emphasized.10. The preferred type of exercise is a series of questions inthe target language based on the dialogue or ananecdotal narrative.
4 Features of the Direct Approach (Contd.) 11. Grammar is taught inductively--rules are generalizedfrom the practice and experience with the targetlanguage. 12. Verbs are used first and systematically conjugatedonly much later after some oral mastery of the target13. Advanced students read literature forcomprehension and pleasure.14. The culture associated with the target languageis also taught inductively.15. Culture is considered an important aspect oflearning the language.
5 Typical Techniques of the Direct Approach (1) Reading Aloud(Reading sections of passages, plays or dialogs out loud)(2) Question and Answer Exercise(Asking questions in the target language and havingstudents answer in full sentences)(3) Student Self-Correction(Teacher facilitates opportunities for students to selfcorrect using follow-up questions, tone, etc)(4) Conversation Practice(Teacher asks students and students ask students questionsusing the target language)
6 Typical Techniques of the Direct Approach (Contd.) (5) Fill-in-the-blank Exercise(Items use target language only and inductive ratherthan explicit grammar rules)(6) Dictation(Teacher reads passage aloud various amount oftimes at various tempos, students writing downwhat they hear)(7) Paragraph Writing(Students write paragraphs in their own words usingthe target language and various models)