14 1787 oil painting by Jacques-Louis David Socrates taking the helock
15 Science No practical scientific knowledge developed Foundations of anatomy, botany, and zoology laid by AristotleGreeks believed the world could be explained through natural lawsReason v. Superstition
16 MathPythagoras: believed everything could be explained by mathDeveloped Pythagorean theoremA2+b2=c2
17 Medicine Hippocrates: founder of medical science Disease from natural sources not a punishment from the gods“Hippocratic Oath”: still take this pledge today.Code of Ethics
18 History Greeks 1st to take written history seriously Herodotus – “father of history”Traveled around worldThucydides – understand Human nature through historyHistory of the Peloponnesian WarMade history accurate and fair.
19 Drama Plays containing action, dialogue, conflict, emotion Plays in poetic form2-3 actors speak linesChorus describes actionAll men no womenPlays performed in outdoor theaters carved into hillside