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United States Government Basics

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Presentation on theme: "United States Government Basics"— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Government Basics

2 Bicameral Legislature
Legislative Branch Bicameral Legislature

3 Congress Both houses must approve laws before the president can sign
Can override a presidential veto with a 2/3 vote Majority rule for most votes

4 Congress (cont.) Majority Party controls schedule in each house
Speaker of the House most powerful member of Congress

5 Senate 100 members = 2 per state At least 30 years old
9 years US citizen Resident of state elected from Who is the head of the Senate? Vice President…who is the current V.P.? Joe Biden

6 John Cornyn (R) & Sen.-elect Ted Cruz (R)
Senate Powers Confirms presidential appointments like federal judges and Cabinet members Holds impeachment trials Approve all treaties with foreign governments Who are the current Senators from Texas? John Cornyn (R) & Sen.-elect Ted Cruz (R)

7 House of Representatives
435 members Minimum of 1 per state At least 25 years old 7 years US citizen Resident of state and district elected from Who is the current Speaker of the House? Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)

8 House Powers Starts bills that call for spending money
Starts impeachment proceedings Breaks ties in Electoral College Who is the Congressman from the 2nd District? Rep. Ted Poe (R)

9 Executive Branch

10 President Must be at least 35 Natural born citizen
14 years residency in the US Can serve only 2 terms (22nd Amendment) These apply to VP also Who is the President of the U.S.? Barack Obama

11 President as Chief Executive
Develops federal policy Enforces the law Appoints federal officials Prepares the national budget

12 President’s Role Commander-in-Chief of the military
Makes foreign policy Chief of State Symbolic representative of the nation Annual State of the Union address

13 President’s Powers Enforces federal laws Grants reprieves and pardon
Appoints federal judges, ambassadors, Cabinet members Make treaties Can veto legislation

14 Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
Judicial Branch Supreme Court-only court created by the Constitution All other federal courts created by Congress All federal judges appointed by president and approved by Senate Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? John Roberts

15 Supreme Court No stated requirements for office, but usually experience as a lawyer or lower federal judge Lifetime appointment 9 members

16 Powers Final say on cases involving federal law
Final say on cases involving 2 or more states Cases involving foreign ambassadors

17 Supreme Court (cont) Decides issues of Constitutional law
Most cases come on appeal from a lower federal court Cases can be appealed from a state court Decisions by majority vote Decisions are final

18 Supreme Court (cont.) Greatest Power is Judicial Review
Supreme Court determines what is & is not constitutional

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