3 The Legislative Branch *The Legislative branch, or Congress, makes the laws.*Congress includes two houses: The House of Representatives and Senate.
4 House of Representatives 1. Be at least 25 years old2. Be a U.S. citizen for the past 7 years.3. Live in the state they represent.4. Each state has 1 representative for every 30,000 people.5. Serve a 2 year term (no term limits)
5 Senate 1. Be at least 30 years old 2. Be a U.S. citizen for the past 9 years3. Live in the state they represent.4. Each state has 2 senators5. Serve a 6 year term (no term limits)6. Vice President of the U.S. is the President of the Senate.
7 How a Bill becomes a Law*House and Senate introduces a bill to their own committee.*They can approve, rewrite, or kill the bill.*They vote on their own version of the bill.*If the bill passes, it goes to the President.
8 How a Bill becomes a Law*The president either passes or vetoes (declines) the bill. *If vetoed, Congress can override the veto with 2/3 majority vote.*The bill is now a law.
9 Powers of Congress: *Levy and collect taxes. *Coin money/regulate its value*Establish post offices and roads.*Define and punish piracies and felonies.
10 Powers of Congress:*Declare war *Raise and support an armies/navy. *Make laws necessary and proper to execute the powers of Congress.
12 The Executive Branch*The Executive branch enforces the laws. *Headed by the President of the United States. *Also includes the Vice-President, cabinet members, and heads of other agencies.
13 Qualifications of President: *Must be at least 35 years old. *A natural born U.S. citizen. *Lived in the United States for at least 14 years. *Serves a term of four years.
14 Qualifications of President: *Can only serve two terms total – 8 yrs. (22nd amendment in 1951 limited the terms) *Elected by the entire country and electoral college.
15 President and Vice-President Barack ObamaJoe Biden
16 Powers as President*Commander-In-Chief of armed forces. *Authorize the use of troops overseas without declaring war. *Make treaties with other nations (Senate must approve). *Appoints ambassadors, Supreme Court Justices, and other officials (Senate majority approval).
17 Powers as President*Approves laws passed by Congress. *Grants reprieves and pardons for Federal crimes. *Appoints federal judges (Senate majority approval). *Gives the State of the Union Address.
19 The Judicial Branch *The Judicial branch evaluates laws. *It hears cases that challenge legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President.*It consists of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts.
20 The Judicial Branch*The Supreme Court is the highest court and has final say. *Composed of one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. *Nominated by President and confirmed by the Senate.
21 Supreme Court Justice*Is appointed for life, unless they resign, retire, are removed due to a conviction of a crime, or die.*There is no minimum age.*No time of citizenship requirements.
22 Article 4: Relations Among States *States must honor one another’s laws, records, and court rulings. *Rights of citizens does not change from state to state – it is consistent. *It guarantees a republican form of government for every state.
23 Article 5: Amending the Constitution *Proposing Amendments: -2/3rd’s vote of both houses of Congress or 2/3rd’s of several state legislatures, will call a convention for proposing amendments.
24 Article 5: Amending the Constitution *Ratifying Amendments: -3/4th’s approval of state legislatures or 3/4th’s approval at a state convention.
25 Article 6: Supremacy of the National Gov’t. *Debts acquired or owed before adoption of the Constitution still remained.*The Constitution is the ultimate law.*All government officials must promise to be loyal and uphold the Constitution.
26 Article 7: Ratification *Nine of the 13 states (3/4 majority) had to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect.