Presentation on theme: "Everything you need to know about the constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Everything you need to know about the constitution Well….at least for 7th grade!
2 The Articles Article 1: - Legislative Branch Article 2: Executive BranchArticle 3 : Judicial BranchArticle 4: Relations between statesArticle 5: Amendment ProcessArticle 6: Constitution is “Supreme Law of the Land”Article 7: Ratification Process
3 Article 1: The Legislative Branch Primary function: Make Federal LawsOther Powers includeDeclare warTax and borrow moneyImpeach the PresidentRaise armyCreate post offices
4 Legislative Branch House of Reps Senate How many members? How many years in a term?Speaker of House chosen by majority partyWho is the current speaker of the House?SenateHow many senators?Who presides over Senate?
5 Article 2: The Executive Branch Primary Function: Enforce Federal LawPresident, Vice President, Cabinet and other departmentsPowers of President includeForm public policyEstablish foreign policyPass executive ordersVeto bills from Congress
6 Executive Branch How long is the President’s term? How many terms can he/she serve?How old does he/she have to be?What role does he/she have in the military?
7 Electoral CollegeWho do Americans vote for on Presidential Election day?How is the # of electors determined for each state?In most cases, who receives ALL of the electoral votes?How can a candidate lose the popular vote, but win the election?
8 Article 3: Judicial Branch Primary Function: Review Federal LawThis includesPower to Strike down federal law if unconstitutionalJudicial SystemDistrict courts = trial courtsCourts of Appeals = intermediate courtsSupreme Court = HIGHEST COURT IN USChief Justice + 8 justicesHow long do justices on the Supreme Court serve?
9 Checks and Balances Legislative Branch checks Judicial Branch by confirming judges,impeaching judgesExecutive Branch byoverriding a veto,impeaching President,confirming appointments,ratifying treaties
10 Checks and Balances Executive Branch Checks The Legislative Branch by Vetoing Bills passed by CongressThe Judicial Branch byNominating federal judgesEnforcing court orders
11 Checks and Balances The Judicial Branch Checks The Legislative Branch byDeclaring Laws UnconstitutionalThe Executive Branch byDeclaring Presidential Acts Unconstitutional
12 Elastic ClauseCongress can “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper” for carrying out specific duties.Allows Congress to STRETCH its powers to deal with changing needs of nationExample: Congress established a National Bank – not a specific power listed in Constitution – used Elastic Clause to justify
13 CitizenshipCitizen – person who owes loyalty to a particular nation and is entitled to all the rights and protectionUS CitizenshipBorn in US or ONE of your parents is US citizenNaturalized – completed the legal process to become a citizenYou were 18 or younger when your parents were naturalized
14 CitizenshipImmigrant – someone who enters country with intent to settle thereResident Alien – a noncitizen living in a countryNaturalizationEstablish 5 year residencyApply for citizenshipGo through interview process including test and interview to establish “good moral character”Take Oath of Allegiance
15 CitizenshipCivic Virtue – Willingness to work for good of country or communityResponsibility of CitizenshipVotingObey LawsDefend NationServe on JuryServe CommunityBe Informed