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What are the different biomes of the world?

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Presentation on theme: "What are the different biomes of the world?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What are the different biomes of the world?

2 What is a biome? Biome - a large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities Give me some examples

3 What cause Biomes to be different?
Climate The meteorological conditions, including temperature, precipitation, and wind, that characteristically prevail in a particular area Geographic factors – mountains, valley, river……

4 The different Land Biomes of the World
Desert Temperate Deciduous Forests Coniferous Forests Tropical Rain Forests Savanna Tundra

5 Biomes of the world Desert
a hot, dry biome inhabited by organism adapter to survive high daytime temperatures and long periods without rain   Give me an example

6 Temperate Deciduous Forests
The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter. In the autumn the leaves change color. During the winter months the trees lose their leaves. Give me an example

7 Coniferous Forests Give me an example
Coniferous forests are made up mainly of cone-bearing or coniferous trees, such as spruces, hemlocks, pines and firs. The leaves of these trees are either small and needle-like or scale-like and most stay green all year around (evergreen). All are softwoods able to survive cold temperatures and acidic soil. Give me an example 

8 Tropical Rain Forests   The tropical rainforest is earth's most complex biome in terms of both structure and species diversity. It occurs under optimal growing conditions: abundant precipitation and year round warmth. There is no annual rhythm to the forest; rather each species has evolved its own flowering and fruiting seasons. Sunlight is a major limiting factor.  Give me an example

9 Temperate Grassland   Temperate grasslands are characterized as having grasses as the dominant vegetation. Trees and large shrubs are absent Temperatures vary more from summer to winter, and the amount of rainfall is less in temperate grasslands than in savannas.   Give me an example

10 Savanna a tropical grassland biome with scattered clumps of trees
  Give me an example

11 Tundra a far-northern biome characterized by long, cold winters, permafrost and few trees Permafrost the permanently frozen ground below the soil surface in the arctic tundra   Give me an example

12 The different Aquatic Biomes of the World
Marsh Swamp Estuary Littoral zone Open-water zone Deep-water zone

13 Wetland an area of land where the water level is near or above the surface of the ground for most of the year.  Marsh a treeless wetland ecosystem  Swamp a wetland ecosystem in which trees and vines grow

14 Tributary a stream that flows to a larger stream or other body of water  Estuary an area where fresh water from streams and rivers spills into the ocean.   Give me an example

15 Marine Littoral zone describes an ecosystem based on salty water
Littoral zone the zone of water that is closest to the edge of the land   Give me an example

16 Open-water zone The zone of water that extends from the littoral zone out and that is only as deep as light can reach through the water Deep-water zone the zone of water that is below the open-water zone where no light reaches

17 Coral Reefs

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