Presentation on theme: "The Judicial Branch. Goals of the Judicial Branch Article 3 lays out the rules for the Federal court system of the U.S. Federal courts hear cases involving."— Presentation transcript:
Goals of the Judicial Branch Article 3 lays out the rules for the Federal court system of the U.S. Federal courts hear cases involving Federal Laws passed by Congress (Federal Jurisdiction) State Courts hear cases passed by state legislatures The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. Its decisions are final!
Qualifications There are no specific qualifications for a Federal Justice (judge) President appoints justices and Senate approves them (Checks and Balances) Federal justices have no term limits and can serve until they retire or die. Can only be removed through impeachment
Supreme Court Made of 8 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice (9 total) To rule on cases, the Justices vote and the majority rules The Supreme Court does not use a jury and for the most part, cases do not originate in the Supreme Court, they must be brought there. The Supreme Court in Washington D.C.
State vs. Federal Courts (Federalism!) State Courts established by states and local gov. Suits against state Cases generally include: robbery, traffic violations, family disputes and broken contracts Criminal cases involving state crimes Federal Courts established by Constitution/Federal gov. Suits against the Federal government Cases include those of Constitutionality: treason, maritime law, cases amongst citizens of different states, bankruptcy and patent laws Crimes involving federal jurisdiction (crossing state lines with drugs, crimes committed in national parks, etc.)
Court Cases Marbury v. Madison (1803)- Establishes Judicial Review- Most important Supreme Court Power! – Under this decision, the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional. Decision: 9-0 Plessey v. Ferguson (1896)- “Separate but equal” is Constitutional. Decision: 7-1 Brown v. Topeka Bd. Of Ed.(1954)- “Separate but equal” is NOT Constitutional. Decision: 9-0 The Warren Court proved critical in the advancement of civil rights for African Americans