Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 motivation1 Chapter 12 Motivation and work."— Presentation transcript:
chapter 12 motivation1 Chapter 12 Motivation and work
chapter 12 motivation2 motivation A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
chapter 12 motivation3 Instinct A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
chapter 12 motivation4 Drive reduction theory Idea that psychological needs create an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
chapter 12 motivation5 Homeostasis A tendency to maintain a balance of constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.
chapter 12 motivation6 incentive A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.
chapter 12 motivation7 Hierarchy of needs Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with psychological needs that must first be satisfied he for higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
chapter 12 motivation8 Glucose A form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides major source of energy for body tissue. When its level is low, we feel hungry.
chapter 12 motivation9 Set point Point at which an individual’s “weight thermostat” is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, increase and hunger and a lower metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
chapter 12 motivation10 Basil metabolic rate Bodies resting rate of energy expenditure.
chapter 12 motivation11 Anorexia nervosa Any disorder which a normal weight person died to become significantly “15% or more” underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to start.
chapter 12 motivation12 Bulimia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise.
chapter 12 motivation13 Sexual response cycle The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
chapter 12 motivation14 Refractory period A resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.
chapter 12 motivation15 Sexual disorder A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning.
chapter 12 motivation16 Estrogen A sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. In non-human female mammals, estrogen levels peaked during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
chapter 12 motivation17 Testosterone Most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone amounts stimulate the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.
chapter 12 motivation18 Sexual orientation And enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one’s own sex or the other sex.
chapter 12 motivation19 Flow A completely involved, focus state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self in time, resulting from optical engagement one’s skills.
chapter 12 motivation20 Industrial organizational psychology The application of psychological concepts and methods of optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
chapter 12 motivation21 Personal psychology A subfield of industrial organizational psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.
chapter 12 motivation22 Organizational psychology A subfield of industrial organizational psychology that examines organizational influence on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilities organizational change.
chapter 12 motivation23 Structured interviews Interview process that asks the same job related questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.
chapter 12 motivation24 Achievement motivation A desire for significant accomplishment: from mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard.
chapter 12 motivation25 Task leadership Goal oriented airship that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.
chapter 12 motivation26 Social leadership Group oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offer support.