Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The French Revolution 1789.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The French Revolution 1789."— Presentation transcript:

1 The French Revolution 1789

2 The French Revolution Causes of the Revolution Absolute Monarchy
France was an absolute monarchy Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Under absolutism, most people in France were denied basic rights Social Inequality Everyone in France was divided into three ‘Estates’ 1st: Clergy 2nd: titled nobility These two classes held enormous wealth and did not have to pay taxes 3rd: Bourgeoisie, city workers, and rural farmers Economic Injustices In the late 1780s, the government was spending more than it was producing Lavish lifestyle and costly wars were paid for in taxes by the third estate Rioting caused by bread shortages worsened the situation Total Population = 28,000,000

3 Stages of Political Revolutions
The French Revolution Enlightenment Enlightenment thinkers were critical of France’s absolute monarchy This led many French to question the unfair tax system English and American Examples Glorious Revolution in England provided an example of challenging authority Inspired by the American colonies’ fight for liberty and equality Stages of Political Revolutions Emergence of a strong leader Injustices of the Old Regime Return of Moderates Rule by Moderate Reformers Rule by Radical Revolutionaries

4 Stages of the French Revolution
Step 1! The Revolution Begins As conditions grew worse in France, demands for reform increased and Louis XVI was forced to call the Estates General into session in 1789

5 Stages of the Revolution
Step 2! National Assembly The Third Estate, the only elected group in the Estates General, declares itself the National Assembly and vows to write a new Constitution for France

6 Stages of the Revolution
Step 3! Seizure of the Bastille Working-class people, already rioting over the price of bread, stormed a prison called the Bastille on July 14, Fighting broke out through city and countryside during what became known as the Great Fear

7 The Storming of the Bastille

8 Stages of the Revolution
Step 4! Moderates in Power The king (Louis XVI), frightened by the increasing turmoil, agreed to allow the National Assembly to begin reforms

9 Stages of the Revolution
Step 5! Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen The National Assembly abolished privileges of the First and Second Estates and adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Based partly on the Declaration of Independence

10 Stages of the Revolution
Step 6! New Constitution Includes a Limited Monarchy By 1791, the National Assembly had drafted a Constitution that outlined the new government: Set up a limited monarchy and a representative government Declared that people had natural rights! Church was now under state control

11 Stages of the Revolution
…Step 7 Radicals Claim Power Radicals took control of the National Assembly, abolish the monarchy, set up a republic, convict King Louis XVI of treason, and have him executed in 1792 This event triggered a period of time referred to as the Reign of Terror Led by Maximillien Robespierre, the Reign of Terror was responsible for the imprisonment and/or execution of thousands

12 HW Assignment For homework tonight:
Complete a one-page journal entry through the perspective of one of the profiles you created in class today The journal should be written as if you are currently experiencing the French Revolution in 1791 How would your experience be changed by the estate you are in? How would your feelings about what is happening in France be different based on the estate you are in?

Download ppt "The French Revolution 1789."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google