5 I. Background… 1700s – France seen as most advanced in Europe Unrest: unequal taxes, high pricesQuestions raised by Enlightenment thinkersAmerican Revolution
6 Questions:Why do you think other countries would have considered France to be an advanced country?What kinds of troubles was France having?How could Enlightenment ideas be dangerous in an unstable country?
7 II. The Three Estates 1st Estate: Roman Catholic Church Paid little taxes, held office, DID make strong ties with peasants2nd Estate: Rich nobles, owned 20% of landWhat do you think this cartoon symbolizes?
8 3rd Estate: 98% of population, 3 groups: Bourgeoisie – merchants, artists ~ educated, rich, wanted privilegesCity workers – cooks, servants, etc. ~ low wages, hungryPeasants – largest group (80% of pop.) ~ ½ of income paid in taxes
9 Questions: How did the peasants feel about the clergy? What did the bourgeoisie want?Who was paying the most in taxes in France? (How do you think they felt about this?)What would you do in a situation where you couldn’t afford to buy food for you or your family?
10 III. The Forces of Change Enlightenment Ideas/ American Revolution inspired Third EstateEconomic troubles – business declining, cost of living increasing, heavy taxes, government in debt, Mary Antoinette spending…Louis XVI a weak leader, borrowed more $King called called a meeting of the Estates-General on May 5, 1789 at Versailles to address budget crisis
11 Questions:How would you feel about your leaders if they were lavishly spending money while you were broke?Pretend that you are Louis XVI. What laws would you make to fix the problems in France?What do you predict will happen at the meeting of the Estates-General?
12 IV. Dawn of the Revolution 3Three Estates meet, each has 1 voteThird Estate wanted each delegate to have a voteKing ordered old rulesThird Estate created the National Assembly, new governmentTennis Court Oath – new constitution, joined by other members of first two estates21One Vote EACH
13 Questions:Who do you think should have the right to vote in America? (Should children?)Why do you think many members of the First and Second Estates joined the National Assembly?
14 V. A Great Fear Sweeps France July 14, 1789 mob stormed the Bastille (Paris prison) to get arms (afraid of rumors); killed guards, celebrated todayRumors that nobles hired outlaws to attack peasants, created Great Fear, destroyed property – feudal documentsOctober, Paris women rioted over bread, took royal family back to Paris
15 Questions:Why did the mob attack the Bastille? What significance does it have today for France?What would you have done if you were a noble in France during the Great Fear? What would you have done if you were a peasant?
16 Timeline of Causes of the French Revolution Draw a picture and explain the significance underneath each event to help you remember it.1700s: Enlightenment Philosophes challenge Old Order1780s: France suffers from crushing debtMay 20, 1789: Tennis Court Oath – Creation of National AssemblyLate July, 1789: Great Fear1776: American RevolutionMay 5, 1789: Meeting of Estates GeneralJuly 14, 1789: Storming of the BastilleOctober 5,1789: Bread Riot of the Women