Presentation on theme: "The Nation Grows and Prospers"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Nation Grows and Prospers U.S. HistoryChapter 11
2 Industrial Revolution Begins Industrial Revolution was a long, slow process that completely changed the way in which goods were produced.Began in Britain in mid-1700s
3 Industrial Revolution Begins This industrialism depended on the development of the factory system
4 Factory SystemSystem brought workers and machinery together to produce goodsLowell, Mass.: model factory town, workers lived in clean, decent housing
5 Factory System“Lowell girl”: worked in factory but returned home to marryWorkers, primarily women and children, worked long hours: 12 hours/day, 6 days/week
6 American IndustryCongress helped industry after the War of 1812 by establishing the second Bank of the United StatesCongress also protected manufacturers by raising tariffs on imported goods
7 Urbanization Industrial Revolution led to increased U.S. urbanization Population moved from the rural farming areas to the cities
8 Urbanization New York City became the city with the largest population in 1840
9 Industrial Revolution Cause-Effect Led to greater U.S. economic developmentUrbanization of the U.S.
10 Traveling WestPrivate companies built turnpikes to improve America’s roads in early 1800sTolls collected from travelers on the turnpikesImproved roads were set on a bed of gravel
11 Traveling West Mohawk Road followed Erie Canal National Road extended from Maryland into IllinoisWilderness Road, established by Daniel Boone, reached the Ohio River
12 Traveling WestDevelopment of canals allowed western farmers to ship goods directly to eastern cities.
13 Era of Good FeelingsPresident James Monroe helped create a new sense of national unity.Federalist Party disappeared by Monroe ran for a 2nd term unopposed.
14 SectionalismLoyalty to one’s state or section rather than to the nation as a whole.Made national unity more difficult
15 Henry Clay Spoke for the West Wanted to promote economic growth for all sections: American System
16 Henry ClayAmerican System failed: Congress refused to fund new roads, bridges, and canals.Unintentionally furthered growth of sectionalism
17 John C. Calhoun Spoke for the South As a southerner, he supported slavery
18 Industrial Revolution Cause-Effect Improved roads leading to western growth of the nationSectionalism beginning to threaten national unity
19 Supreme Court Expands McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Court ruled that states had no power to control federal institutions within their borders.Strengthened federal power
20 Supreme Court Expands Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Only federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce, or trade between states
21 Supreme Court Expands Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Court ruled that that a state could regulate trade only within its own borders.
22 New Nations in the Americas Creole: People born to Spanish parents in Latin AmericaCreoles demanded a role in governmentOpposition to Spain was growing
23 Revolution in Latin America Spanish colonies had to win independence through revolutionLed to rise of Latin American nations
24 Revolution in Latin America Simon Bolivar: best known revolutionary leader, The LiberatorLed successful independence movements in South America
25 Spain Gives Up FloridaSpain agreed to sell Florida to the U.S. for $5 millionSpain busy fighting rebels in South AmericaAdams-Onis Treaty: 1821
26 Monroe DoctrineAmericans feared that Spain would try to regain its colonies in Latin America
27 Monroe DoctrinePresident Monroe’s foreign policy statement to protect Latin American republics from European attack
28 Monroe DoctrineDeclared that the U.S. would not interfere in the affairs of European nations or existing colonies of European nations
29 Monroe DoctrineWarned European nations not to attempt to regain control of the newly independent nations of Latin America
30 Monroe DoctrineUnited States was determined to keep European powers out of the Western Hemisphere.
31 Monroe DoctrineU.S. successfully challenged European intervention, or direct involvement, in Latin America.
32 Can you answer these questions? If not, look back over this review!
33 Review Who is someone born in Latin America to Spanish parents? Lowell girlCapitalistcreole
34 ReviewWhat is direct involvement by one nation in the affairs of another?UrbanizationSectionalismIntervention
35 Review What was an unintended result of Henry Clay’s American system? Much money was spent on transportationFurther growth of sectionalismHigh tariffs
36 ReviewWho was someone who worked in the mills and returned home to marry?CapitalistLowell girlCreole
37 Review What is loyalty to one’s state or region? Urbanization SectionalismIntervention
38 Review How did Congress help American industry after the War of 1812? It closed the first Bank of the United StatesIt established the second Bank of the United StatesIt lowered tariffs
39 Review How did the United States gain Florida from Spain? U.S. bought Florida for $5 millionU.S. won Florida after a lengthy battle with SpainSpain gave up Florida as a result of the Monroe Doctrine
40 Review Why was Lowell, Mass. Called a model factory town? Factory owners shortened the employees’ work dayFactories employed young childrenWorkers lived in clean, decent housing
41 ReviewWhat is one way Americans improved their roads in the early 1800s?Private companies built turnpikesPrivate companies put up funds for the National RoadDuring the War of 1812, the army built the National Road
42 Review Why was Simon Bolivar known as “The Liberator?” He led independence movements in South AmericaHe led a revolt freeing Texas from Mexican ruleHe persuaded Spain to free its Latin American colonies
43 Review Which of the following describes the Industrial Revolution? Depended on the development of the factory systemOccurred after years of planning in U.S. in 1700sWas quick, violent and produced few results
44 Review How did private companies finance turnpikes? Campaigned for donations from peopleBorrowed money from states where turnpikes crossedCollected tolls from travelers
45 ReviewWhich of the following led to the creation of the Monroe Doctrine?U.S. wanted to control Latin AmericaU.S. feared Spain would try to regain its colonies in Latin AmericaU.S. feared Britain would try to take over its original colonies.
46 ReviewWhich is the BEST interpretation of Supreme Court decision, McCullough v. Maryland?Federal govt. cannot tax state institutionsStates can nullify federal laws they think are unconstitutionalStates have no power to control federal institutions within their borders
47 Review What BEST describes daily life in a factory in the early 1800s? Employees, mostly women & children, worked long hoursFactory owners more took interest in workers’ welfareLaws were enacted to prevent child laborWhat BEST describes daily life in a factory in the early 1800s?
48 Review What effect did sectionalism have on the Era of Good Feelings? It made national unity more difficultIt divided the nation into East and WestIt weakened political parties
49 ReviewWhat generalization can be made about the rise of Latin American nations?Spain gave up control of its coloniesColonies had to win independence through revolutionNew republics easily achieved democratic rule.
50 ReviewCanals allowed western farmers to ship goods directly to eastern citiesFew farmers could afford to ship goods through canalsThe National Road fell into disuseWhat was a result of the development of canals in the early 1800s?
51 ReviewWhich of the following statements about John C. Calhoun is TRUE?He supported slaveryHe was a close ally of Daniel WebsterHe supported strong central government
52 Review Why did Henry Clay’s American System fail? Congress would not fund new roads, bridges and canalsCongress lowered tariffsSupreme Court ruled that the American System was unconstitutional.Why did Henry Clay’s American System fail?
53 ReviewWhat agreement resulted in the U.S. taking possession of Florida?Adams-Onis TreatyMcCullough v. MarylandMonroe Doctrine
54 ReviewWhat improvements did Americans make on roads in the early 1800s?Coating surfaces with mudCharging travelers to use themSetting them on a bed of gravel
55 ReviewOnly federal govt. has power to regulate interstate commerceU.S. Constitution prohibits commerce between statesOnly states have the power to regulate interstate commerceWhat is the best interpretation of the Supreme Court decision, Gibbons v. Ogden?
56 Review What was daily life like in a factory in the early 1800s? All employees, including children, worked 12 hour days, 6 days/weekAdults worked 12 hour days; children worked shorter hoursChildren worked 6 hour days with frequent rest breaksWhat was daily life like in a factory in the early 1800s?
57 ReviewHow did Congress protect American manufacturers after the War of 1812?Lowering tariffs on imported goodsEliminating tariffs on imported goodsRaising tariffs on imported goods
58 ReviewWhich was a reason why President Monroe announced the Monroe Doctrine?To protect Latin American republics from European attackTo provoke a war with Great BritainTo protect American industry from European imports
59 ReviewUrbanization increased in the United StatesMany Americans moved from cities to farmsPhiladelphia became the largest city in the United StatesWhat happened to the U.S. population during the Industrial Revolution?