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Unit 2 Expanding Zones of Exchange ( )

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1 Unit 2 Expanding Zones of Exchange (500-1200)
Global History II Review

2 Gupta Empire (320-550) Hinduism strongly influenced people
Efficient government (bureaucracy) Caste System organized society Untouchables were at the bottom (outcasts) Scientific Contributions Mathematics: Concept of Zero, Numbers Medicine Architecture Literature

3 Tang and Song Dynasties
Chinese Dynasties ( ) ( ) Conquered territory and made tributary states Highly educated ruling class Social Structure:Gentry, Peasants, Merchants Expanded trade Built Canals to encourage trade and transp. Literature and Arts developed Huge influence on Japan

4 Byzantine Empire and Russia
Preserved and spread Greco-Roman culture Justinian’s Code (updated Roman laws) Engineering and Architectural achievements Used Roman engineering knowledge Built large churches Art: Mosaics and Icons Orthodox Christian Church Split from the Roman Catholic Church

5 Byzantine Empire and Russia
Russia (800s- present) Early trade center of Kiev emerged Written language developed by Christian Byzantine missionaries Developed Orthodox Christianity Autocratic government (Czars= Caesars) Adopted much from the Byzantine Empire

6 Islamic Civilization Spread of Islam Islamic Law
Caliph is a successor to Muhammad Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Sicily, India and Southeast Asia Trade networks and conquest Islamic Law Sharia is law regulating all aspects of life Sunni and Shi’a split over disagreement on caliph’s authority

7 Islamic Civilization Society Islam’s Golden Age
Permitted social mobility Tolerant of other religions in conquered lands Women enjoyed more freedoms than Europe Islam’s Golden Age Preserved Greco-Roman culture Encouraged Education Art, Literature, and Medicine flourished

8 Islamic Civilization Mathematics and Science Christian Europe
Development of Algebra and Astronomy Christian Europe Islam expanded to Spain and Sicily Crusades fought between Christians and Muslims over the Holy Lands (Jerusalem)

9 Medieval Europe Middle Ages (500-1450s) Franks
Emerged as small independent kingdoms after the fall of the Roman Empire Franks Germanic empire developed in (France) Charlemagne became Holy Roman Emperor Encouraged learning

10 Medieval Europe Feudalism Manorialism
Political system using land for loyalty Social Structure King, Nobles, Knights, Peasants Knights lived by a code of Chivalry (loyalty) Manorialism Economic system structured around lord’s manor or estate Peasants (serfs) work the land, lord protects

11 Medieval Europe Church in Medieval Life Cultural Achievements
Church hierarchy similar to feudal society Church was most important thing in life Church had more power than kings Cultural Achievements Literature developed Gothic architecture developed

12 Crusades Causes Effects Byzantine Empire was fighting Muslim Turks
Pope wanted to increase power Nobles wanted to gain wealth and land Serfs hoped to escape feudal oppression Effects Increased trade between Europe and Asia Expanded learning of Greco-Roman culture Power of the Church decreased

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