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Literary Analysis using The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver

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1 Literary Analysis using The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver

2 Purpose The purpose of a literary analysis is to carefully examine and evaluate the work of literature you have been reading. You will use the three main elements we’ve discussed in connection with the book. Characters (Dynamic vs. Static) Theme Symbol/Motif

3 Objective The objective is to convince the reader (Ms. Culver) that you have supported the ideas you have been developing through your reading, note taking (charts) and your study guide. Your essay must cover the topic (thesis) you are writing about. Your essay must have a central idea (stated in your thesis) that governs its development. Your essay must be organized so that every part contributes something to the reader’s understanding of the central idea.

4 The Thesis Statement Thesis is your central idea and tells your reader what to expect as they read. Without a carefully conceived thesis, an essay has no chance of success.

5 Topic You can formulate your thesis based on one of the following topics. Kingsolver’s use of character, theme, and symbol to portray the story of Western Colonization and its effects of Africa. Kingsolver’s use of theme and symbol to create vivid characterizations of the protagonists in the story. Kingsolver’s use of character and symbol to promote the themes (western arrogance, change and revelation, guilt, and the power of Africa). For example: In the novel The Poisonwood Bible, Kingsolver uses the character, theme, and symbol as tools to address western colonization and its effect on the African Continent. The characters in The Poisonwood Bible (Orleanna, Leah, Adah, Rachel, Ruth May, and Nathan) are characterized, through the use of theme and symbol, has strong, independent protagonists, which ultimately complete the story Kingsolver is trying to tell. Each character in the novel The Poisonwood Bible undergo a dramatic change characterized through the use of both theme and symbols throughout the story. Kingsolver uses dramatic and dynamic characterization and symbolism to address the themes of western arrogance, change and revelation, guilt, and the power of Africa in her novel The Poisonwood Bible.

6 The Introduction Should try to arouse interest in your reader.
Bring immediate focus to your subject You may use a quotation, a provocative question, an anecdote, or a combination of these. It should include background information related to the novel. It needs the title of the work and the full name of the author

7 Body Your body is the evidence that supports your thesis.
You can write the body based on the three main topics – Character, Theme, and Symbol You can organize the body based on each character and how they relate to the them and symbol You can write the body based on the four themes and how character and symbol are used to promote these themes

8 Body You must use evidence from the text in your body.
Summary – gives a short overview of the scene you are describing. Paraphrase – retelling of the scene (in about the same amount of words as the original) in your own words. Direct quotation – using the author’s words directly – in quotation marks

9 Citation You must cite summaries, paraphrases, and quotations. For example. Kingsolver points out that Africa cannot be tamed by a minister and his family (35-45). Africa cannot be tamed by the minister and his family based on the evidence of the demonstration garden (Kingsolver 35-45). “Mama Tataba seemed not to be listening. She pointed at the red dirt. ‘You got to be make hills.’” (Kingsolver 40).

10 Types of Quotations and Body paraprgaphs
Tomorrow we will go over the different types of quotations (in more detail) and how to incorporate them into your paper as well as writing body paragraphs. This will include: Longer quotations Punctuation Omissions from the quote Construction and relevance of each paragraph

11 Body Make sure that all body paragraphs relate back to the thesis
Organize your body based on the format you have chosen

12 Conclusion Gives your essay a sense of completeness
Restates the thesis in different words Summarizes your main points again Makes a relevant comment about the work you are analyzing Do not introduce a new topic in your conclusion

13 Title Your title should be engaging and incorporate what you are discussing in your paper For example The Use of Allegory in the story The Pilgrim’s Progress Imagery in T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

14 Expectations You must give clear, full reference to the work and author you are writing about somewhere in your introductory paragraph Use the correct format when referring to the novel, The Poisonwood Bible must always be in italics. Use the Present Tense when you are discussing and writing about literature. For example, - Nathan is a fundamentalist. Adah does not understand her place in the family. Kingsolver says… The entire paper should be written in third person. No you, I, us, we, etc.

15 Expectations You will have time to work on your paper in class.
If you are typing it, make sure to keep a printed copy (ongoing) so that we can discuss issues you have encountered. Keep an outline of what you are writing with you at all times. Use your notes, etc… for you analysis

16 Expectations Your paper should follow MLA format
12 point Times New Roman font 1 in margins Double-spaced Look on my website under resources for websites that explain MLA format Paper must be 6-8 pages in length (no exceptions) Due Date – The final paper is due 11/29/ Turning it in early is acceptable. No paper will be taken after this date.

17 Today Please take a few moments to formulate a thesis statement for your paper This is a working thesis and can change – I just want to see what angle you think you would like to take on the paper.

18 Dates, etc. Today – Wikis 1 and 2 should be completed
Friday May 6 – Book 4 study guide and discussion question from Wiki Tuesday, May 10 – Book 5 study guide Wednesday, May 11 – Wikis 3 and 4 Friday, May 13 – Book 6 Study Guide (Charts will be checked when you’ve finished each section – have me sign it!)

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