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Managing Stress and Coping with Loss Chapter 4: Sec 1 Stress and Your Health.

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Presentation on theme: "Managing Stress and Coping with Loss Chapter 4: Sec 1 Stress and Your Health."— Presentation transcript:

1 Managing Stress and Coping with Loss Chapter 4: Sec 1 Stress and Your Health

2 Objectives Describe five different causes of stress. Describe the body’s physical response to stress. Differentiate between positive and negative stress. Describe how stress can make you sick.

3 What Causes *Stress?Stress STRESS The body’s and mind’s response to a demand.

4 Type of Stressors A STRESSOR is any situation that puts a demand on the body or mind.

5 Environmental Stressors Conditions or events in our physical surroundings Natural disasters Noise Crowds Pollution Poverty

6 Biological Stressors Conditions that make it difficult for your body to take part in daily activities Illness Injury Disability

7 Thinking Stressor Mental challenge Taking a test

8 Behavioral Stressor Unhealthy behaviors Smoking Not getting enough sleep or exercise Using drugs

9 Life change Stressors Any major life change Divorce Death of a loved one Getting married Having trouble with a teacher Having more arguments with parents

10 Research Highlight Procrastination, Performance, and Health Researchers found that the procrastinators suffered significantly more stress and had more health problems than non procrastinators. Space out your studying and try to complete your assignments as early as possible. Procrastination can be hazardous to your health, as well as your grades. Source: Huffman, K. Vernoy, M., and Vernoy, J. (2002). Psychology in Action (5 th Ed.). Davers: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

11 *Physical Response to Stress The physical changes that prepare your body to respond quickly and appropriately to stressors is called the fight-or-flight response.fight-or-flight response. Past vs. Present: the fight-or-flight response might even be maladaptive at times. Today, we are taught not to fight or flee but to stay calm and resolve stressful situations rationally. Past vs. Present Your body provides energy, reflexes, and strength to respond to a stressor. Your body releases epinephrine hormones. Breathing speeds up, heart beats faster, muscles tense up, pupils get wider, sweating increases, digestion stops, blood pressure increases, and blood sugar increases.

12 Emotional and Behavioral Response to Stress Eustress is a positive stress that energizes one and helps one reach a goal. Try to make stress positive. Alert, focused, motivated, energized, and confident. Distress is negative stress that can make a person sick or keep a person from reaching a goal. Nervous, forgetful, frightened, confused, and unsure.

13 Stress-Related Disorders and Diseases Tension headache Cold and flu Asthma Migraine headache Backache Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ) Heart disease Stroke High blood pressure Chronic fatigue Ulcer Anxiety disorder Insomnia Depression

14 Long-Term Stress Can Make You Sick The general adaptation syndrome is a model that describes the relationship between stress and disease.general adaptation syndrome Alarm stage Your body and mind become alert (flight-or-fight response) Headaches, stomachaches, difficulty sleeping, and anxiety Resistance stage (adaptation) If stress continues, your body becomes more resistant to disease and injury than normal Exhaustion stage Your body cannot take the resistance to the stressor any longer. You become exhausted, organs and immune system may suffer…

15 Closure What do you think would be the consequences of not having a fight-or-flight response? Is all stress bad? What is the difference between stress and depression?

16 Creative Activity Create a post card or flyer relating to the issue of coping with loss. Group (table activity). Write all group members name of the card. Everyone should participate. Based on new knowledge, provide words of encouragement and show your support for a person who recently experienced a loss Be creative and have fun

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